Document Detail

The effects of social support on alcohol consumption during pregnancy: situational and ethnic/cultural considerations.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3623747     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
While the effects of alcohol consumption during pregnancy have been well documented, variables associated with drinking during pregnancy have received little attention. This study sought to determine the importance of situational and ethnic/cultural-specific support on alcohol consumption during pregnancy among Black and White women in a U.S. southern urban prenatal population. A consecutive sample of 311 prenatal patients were interviewed during both the fourth month and the eighth month of pregnancy. Using standard regressions, the two components of expressive support--general support and pregnancy support--were found to be working in opposite directions, with pregnancy support showing a negative association with alcohol consumption during pregnancy. Pregnancy support was found to contribute significantly to the variance in alcohol consumption among Whites but was not found to be a significant contributor among Blacks. These findings suggest that social support, specifically pregnancy support, is a significant variable in accounting for alcohol consumption during pregnancy, but this association may not be consistent across ethnic groups.
C J Stephens
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The International journal of the addictions     Volume:  22     ISSN:  0020-773X     ISO Abbreviation:  Int J Addict     Publication Date:  1987 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1987-10-08     Completed Date:  1987-10-08     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0123640     Medline TA:  Int J Addict     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  609-19     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
African Americans
Alcohol Drinking* / ethnology
Cross-Cultural Comparison
European Continental Ancestry Group
Social Environment*
Social Support*
Grant Support
5 T32 AA 07240/AA/NIAAA NIH HHS; 5-S07-RR-05441/RR/NCRR NIH HHS; 5F31 NU-05505-03/NU/BHP HRSA HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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