Document Detail

The effects of simulated obstructive apnea and hypopnea on arrhythmic potential in healthy subjects.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22806087     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Preliminary evidence supports an association between OSA and cardiac dysrhythmias. Negative intrathoracic pressure, as occurring during OSA, may provoke cardiac dysrhythmias. Thus, we aimed to study the acute effects of simulated apnea and hypopnea on arrhythmic potential and measures of cardiac repolarization [QT(C) and T (peak) to T (end) intervals ([Formula: see text])] in humans. In 41 healthy volunteers, ECG was continuously recorded prior, during and after simulated obstructive hypopnea (inspiration through a threshold load), simulated apnea (Mueller maneuver), end-expiratory central apnea and normal breathing in randomized order. The number of subjects with premature beats was significantly higher during inspiration through a threshold load (n = 7), and the Mueller maneuver (n = 7) compared to normal breathing (n = 0) (p = 0.008 for all comparisons), but not during end-expiratory central apnea (n = 3, p = 0.125). Inspiration through a threshold load was associated with a non-significant mean (SD) increase of the QT(C) interval [+5.4 (22.4) ms, 95 %CI -1.7 to +12.4 ms, p = 0.168] and a significant increase of the [Formula: see text] interval [+3.7 (8.9) ms, 95 %CI +0.9 to +6.6 ms, p = 0.010]. The Mueller maneuver induced a significant increase of the QT(C) interval [+8.3 (23.4) ms, 95 %CI 0.9 to +15.6 ms, p = 0.035] and the [Formula: see text] interval (+4.2 (8.2) ms, 95 %CI +1.6 to +6.8 ms, p = 0.002). There were no significant changes of the QT(C) and [Formula: see text] intervals during central end-expiratory apnea. These data indicate that simulated obstructive apnea and hypopnea are associated with an increase of premature beats and prolongation of QT(C) and [Formula: see text] intervals. Therefore, negative intrathoracic pressure changes may be a contributory mechanism for the association between OSA and cardiac dysrhythmias.
Giovanni Camen; Christian F Clarenbach; Anne-Christin Stöwhas; Valentina A Rossi; Noriane A Sievi; John R Stradling; Malcolm Kohler
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-7-18
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of applied physiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1439-6327     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-7-18     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100954790     Medline TA:  Eur J Appl Physiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Sleep Disorders Center and Pulmonary Division, University Hospital Zurich, Raemistrasse 100, 8091, Zurich, Switzerland.
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