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The effects of reducing the thermal index for bone from 1.0 to 0.5 and 0.1 on common obstetric pulsed wave Doppler measurements in the second half of pregnancy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23418900     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that clinically relevant vessels can be visualized and interrogated with Doppler recording during the second half of pregnancy at an output energy below the currently advocated limits without loss of information. DESIGN: Observational cross-sectional study. SETTING: Tertiary fetal medicine center. SAMPLE: Based on a power calculation for equivalence studies, we recruited 65 pregnant women. METHODS: Ultrasound examination was performed at 18, 24, or 36 weeks of gestation. The umbilical artery, middle cerebral artery, ductus venosus, and both uterine arteries were identified using color Doppler, and the blood velocities were measured using pulsed wave Doppler at a thermal index for bone (TIB) of 1.0. This procedure was repeated at TIB values of 0.5 and 0.1. The depth of Doppler recording was noted. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Visualization of the vessels by color Doppler at all power levels and any systematic changes or increased variance of the recorded parameters with decreasing power level. RESULTS: All vessels could be visualized by color Doppler and their flow velocities measured using pulsed wave Doppler in all participants and at all power levels. There were no systematic changes or increased parameter variance when reducing the power level, despite the insonation depth being significantly greater than in early pregnancy. CONCLUSIONS: Reducing the ultrasound power from TIB 1.0 to 0.1 does not alter color Doppler visualization or pulsed wave Doppler measurements in the second half of pregnancy. The lower power level can be recommended as a starting point for clinical examinations throughout pregnancy. © 2013 The Authors Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica © 2013 Nordic Federation of ocieties of Obstetrics and Gynecology.
Authors:
Ragnar K Sande; Knut Matre; Geir E Eide; Torvid Kiserud
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-2-19
Journal Detail:
Title:  Acta obstetricia et gynecologica Scandinavica     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1600-0412     ISO Abbreviation:  Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand     Publication Date:  2013 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-2-19     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370343     Medline TA:  Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2013 The Authors Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica © 2013 Nordic Federation of Societies of Obstetrics and Gynecology.
Affiliation:
Clinical Fetal Physiology Research Group, Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Bergen, Bergen; Fetal Medicine Unit, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Haukeland University Hospital, Bergen.
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