Document Detail


The effects of rational and experiential information processing of expert testimony in death penalty cases.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15568199     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Past research examining the effects of actuarial and clinical expert testimony on defendants' dangerousness in Texas death penalty sentencing has found that jurors are more influenced by less scientific pure clinical expert testimony and less influenced by more scientific actuarial expert testimony (Krauss & Lee, 2003; Krauss & Sales, 2001). By applying cognitive-experiential self-theory (CEST) to juror decision-making, the present study was undertaken in an attempt to offer a theoretical rationale for these findings. Based on past CEST research, 163 mock jurors were either directed into a rational mode or experiential mode of processing. Consistent with CEST and inconsistent with previous research using the same stimulus materials, results demonstrate that jurors in a rational mode of processing more heavily weighted actuarial expert testimony in their dangerousness assessments, while those jurors in the experiential condition were more influenced by clinical expert testimony. The policy implications of these findings are discussed.
Authors:
Daniel A Krauss; Joel D Lieberman; Jodi Olson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Behavioral sciences & the law     Volume:  22     ISSN:  0735-3936     ISO Abbreviation:  Behav Sci Law     Publication Date:  2004  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-12-06     Completed Date:  2005-05-31     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8404861     Medline TA:  Behav Sci Law     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  801-22     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright 2004 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Affiliation:
Department of Psychology, Claremont McKenna College, 850 Columbia Avenue, Claremont, CA 91711, USA. Dkrauss@claremontmckenna.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Affect
Attention
Capital Punishment / legislation & jurisprudence*
Criminal Law / legislation & jurisprudence
Dangerous Behavior*
Decision Making*
Expert Testimony / legislation & jurisprudence*
Female
Humans
Male
Mental Processes*
Rationalization
Risk Assessment
Set (Psychology)
Students / psychology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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