Document Detail

The effects of radioactive pollution on the dynamics of infectious diseases in wildlife.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22265006     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
The interactions between infectious diseases and chemical pollution are well known and recognised as important factors in regulating the way wild animals respond to contaminant exposure. However, the impact of ionising radiation and radionuclides has often been overlooked when assessing host-pathogen interactions in polluted habitats, despite often occurring together with chemical contamination. Nevertheless, a comprehensive body of literature exists from laboratory and field studies on host-pathogen relationships under radiation exposure, and with a renewed interest in radioecology developing; an evaluation of infectious disease dynamics under these conditions would be timely. The present study assesses the impact of external ionising radiation and radionuclides on animal hosts and pathogens (viruses, bacteria, protozoans, helminths, arthropods) in laboratory studies and collates the data from field studies, including the large number of investigations undertaken after the Chernobyl accident. It is apparent that radiation exposure has substantial effects on host-pathogen relationships. Although damage to the host immune system is a major factor other variables, such as damage to host tissue barriers and inhibition of pathogen viability are also important in affecting the prevalence and intensity of parasitic diseases. Field studies indicate that the occurrence of host-pathogen associations in radioactively contaminated sites is complex with a variety of biotic and abiotic factors influencing both pathogen and host(s), resulting in changes to the dynamics of infectious diseases.
N J Morley
Related Documents :
13933016 - Observations on the incidence of gallstone disease.
18460666 - Epidemiology of invasive group b streptococcal disease in the united states, 1999-2005.
22577276 - Erythromelalgia and livedo reticularis in a patient with essential thrombocythemia, acq...
3985016 - Mortality of a municipal worker cohort: i. males.
2794576 - Control of schistosomiasis in saudi arabia. a multidisciplinary approach.
2686616 - Future challenges of disease in the beef cattle industry.
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-1-19
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of environmental radioactivity     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1879-1700     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-1-23     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8508119     Medline TA:  J Environ Radioact     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
School of Biological Sciences, Royal Holloway, University of London, Egham, Surrey TW20 0EX, UK.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Emission assessment at the Burj Hammoud inactive municipal landfill: Viability of landfill gas recov...
Next Document:  Mortality and morbidity in the city of Bern, Switzerland, 1805-1815 with special emphasis on infant,...