Document Detail


The effects of over-the-counter jaw-repositioning mouth guards on dynamic balance, flexibility, agility, strength, and power in college-aged male athletes.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25187241     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Improvements in muscular power and anaerobic performance have resulted from use of jaw-repositioning mouth guards designed with advanced dental techniques. The high cost of such techniques has dissuaded the widespread use. Recently, more affordable, over-the-counter (OTC) jaw-repositioning mouth guards have become available. The primary objective of this study was to examine the effects of two OTC jaw-repositioning mouth guards on muscular power and strength performance in college-aged male athletes. It was hypothesized that similar to previous observations with advanced dentistry-designed mouth guards, OTC jaw-repositioning mouth guards would impart positive effects on muscular power, but not have any effect on muscular strength. Secondary objectives of this study included the examination of the effects of two OTC jaw-repositioning mouth guards on other variables related to athletic performance. Male, collegiate athletes (N=20) participated in four separate testing sessions that consisted of assessment of muscular power, dynamic balance, flexibility, agility, and muscular strength. The four conditions, one per testing session, were assigned in a randomized order and consisted of a no-mouth guard control (CON), a placebo mouth guard (PLA), a self-adapted jaw-repositioning mouth guard (SA), and a custom-fitted jaw-repositioning mouth guard (CF). No significant differences were observed between conditions in muscular power (P = 0.78), dynamic balance (P = 0.99), agility (P = 0.22), or muscular strength (P = 0.47). The CF had significantly lower hip flexion than the CON (P = 0.014) and the CF had significantly greater lumbar spine lateral flexion compared to the SA condition (P = 0.054). However, these flexibility differences lack practical relevance as the effect sizes remain very small (ES = -0.27 and -0.14, respectively). In conclusion, the jaw-repositioning technique used in the design of these OTC mouth guards did not affect performance. It is important to note that negative effects were not observed indicating that mouth guard use did not impede performance.
Authors:
Devon L Golem; Shawn M Arent
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-9-2
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of strength and conditioning research / National Strength & Conditioning Association     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1533-4287     ISO Abbreviation:  J Strength Cond Res     Publication Date:  2014 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-9-4     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9415084     Medline TA:  J Strength Cond Res     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
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From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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