Document Detail


The effects of notched noise on intensity discrimination under forward masking.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1401534     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Zeng et al. [Hear. Res. 55, 223-230 (1991)] reported that at moderate levels there is an increase in the intensity jnd for 25-ms sinusoidal pedestals presented 100 ms after an intense narrow-band noise. They suggested that this effect is related to the finding that low spontaneous rate (SR) auditory-nerve neurons take a considerable time to recover from adaptation [E. M. Relkin and J. R. Doucet, Hear. Res. 55, 215-222 (1991)]: 100 ms after the noise, the low-SR neurons still have elevated thresholds. Therefore, the intensity of a pedestal falling between the saturation level of the high-SR neurons and the elevated threshold of the low-SR neurons will be poorly represented in neutral firing rates, and the jnd will be high. A problem with this interpretation is that subjects may listen "off frequency." Theoretically, it should always be possible to choose a frequency channel for which the pedestal level is within the dynamic range of the high-SR neurons. In the present study, the experiment of Zeng et al. was replicated but with the pedestal presented in the temporal center of a notched noise to prevent off-frequency listening. Surprisingly, the notched noise substantially decreased the jnd at mid levels, removing or severely reducing the mid-level jnd elevation. This was true for pedestal frequencies of 1 and 6 kHz. It was also found that even if the notched noise was terminated before pedestal onset the jnd elevation was reduced. This suggests that the effect of the notched noise is not due to suppression.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
Authors:
C J Plack; N F Viemeister
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America     Volume:  92     ISSN:  0001-4966     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Acoust. Soc. Am.     Publication Date:  1992 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1992-11-23     Completed Date:  1992-11-23     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7503051     Medline TA:  J Acoust Soc Am     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1902-10     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Psychology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis 55455.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Attention / physiology*
Auditory Threshold / physiology
Humans
Loudness Perception / physiology*
Neurons / physiology
Noise*
Perceptual Masking / physiology*
Pitch Perception / physiology*
Psychoacoustics
Reference Values
Vestibulocochlear Nerve / physiology
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
DC00683/DC/NIDCD NIH HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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