Document Detail

The effects of milk as a food matrix for polyphenols on the excretion profile of cocoa (-)-epicatechin metabolites in healthy human subjects.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18257943     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The effect of different food matrices on the metabolism and excretion of polyphenols is uncertain. The objective of the study was to evaluate the possible effect of milk on the excretion of (2)-epicatechin metabolites from cocoa powder after its ingestion with and without milk. Twenty-one volunteers received the following three test meals each in a randomised cross-over design with a 1-week interval between meals: (1) 250 ml whole milk as a control; (2) 40 g cocoa powder dissolved in 250 ml whole milk (CC-M); (3) 40 g cocoa powder dissolved in 250 ml water (CC-W). Urine was collected before consumption and during the 0-6, 6-12 and 12-24 h periods after consumption. (2)-Epicatechin metabolite excretion was measured using liquid chromatography-MS. One (2)-epicatechin glucuronide and three (2)-epicatechin sulfates were detected in urine excreted after the intake of the two cocoa beverages (CC-M and CC-W). The results show that milk does not significantly affect the total amount of metabolites excreted in urine. However, differences in metabolite excretion profiles were observed; there were changes in the glucuronide and sulfate excretion rates, and the sulfation position between the period of excretion and the matrix. The matrix in which polyphenols are consumed can affect their metabolism and excretion, and this may affect their biological activity. Thus, more studies are needed to evaluate the effect of these different metabolite profiles on the body.
Elena Roura; Cristina Andrés-Lacueva; Ramon Estruch; M Lourdes Mata Bilbao; Maria Izquierdo-Pulido; Rosa M Lamuela-Raventós
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2008-02-07
Journal Detail:
Title:  The British journal of nutrition     Volume:  100     ISSN:  1475-2662     ISO Abbreviation:  Br. J. Nutr.     Publication Date:  2008 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-09-11     Completed Date:  2009-05-13     Revised Date:  2009-05-20    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372547     Medline TA:  Br J Nutr     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  846-51     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Nutrition and Food Science-CeRTA, University of Barcelona, Av/ Joan XXIII s/n, Barcelona 08028, Spain.
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MeSH Terms
Catechin / analogs & derivatives,  metabolism*,  urine
Cross-Over Studies
Flavonoids / metabolism*,  urine
Glucuronides / urine
Linear Models
Middle Aged
Phenols / metabolism*,  urine
Sulfuric Acid Esters / urine
Young Adult
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Flavonoids; 0/Glucuronides; 0/Phenols; 0/Sulfuric Acid Esters; 0/epicatechin sulfate; 0/epicatechin-glucuronide; 0/polyphenols; 154-23-4/Catechin

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