Document Detail

The effects of maternity leave on children's birth and infant health outcomes in the United States.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21300415     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
This paper evaluates the impacts of unpaid maternity leave provisions of the 1993 Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA) on children's birth and infant health outcomes in the United States. My identification strategy uses variation in pre-FMLA maternity leave policies across states and variation in which firms are covered by FMLA provisions. Using Vital Statistics data and difference-in-difference-in-difference methodology, I find that maternity leave led to small increases in birth weight, decreases in the likelihood of a premature birth, and substantial decreases in infant mortality for children of college-educated and married mothers, who were most able to take advantage of unpaid leave. My results are robust to the inclusion of numerous controls for maternal, child, and county characteristics, state, year, and month fixed effects, and state-year interactions, as well as across several different specifications.
Maya Rossin
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Evaluation Studies; Journal Article     Date:  2011-01-18
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of health economics     Volume:  30     ISSN:  1879-1646     ISO Abbreviation:  J Health Econ     Publication Date:  2011 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-04-18     Completed Date:  2011-08-08     Revised Date:  2014-09-22    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8410622     Medline TA:  J Health Econ     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  221-39     Citation Subset:  H    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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MeSH Terms
Birth Weight*
Employment / legislation & jurisprudence*
Health Policy
Infant Mortality / trends*
Infant, Newborn
Middle Aged
Parental Leave / economics,  legislation & jurisprudence*
Premature Birth / epidemiology*
Socioeconomic Factors
United States / epidemiology
Young Adult
Grant Support

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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