Document Detail

The effects of maternal drug dependence on neonatal mortality.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  870299     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Addiction in pregnancy has become an important health problem owing to the tendency of drug-dependent women to neglect general health care and to avoid seeking prenatal care. In addition, continued heroin administration during pregnancy carries additional risks for the maternal-fetal unit. Thus, there is an increased incidence of obstetrical and medical complications in these mothers, resulting in high incidences of prematurity, low birth weight and mortality in their infants. Therefore, there is a high neonatal mortality rate due to clinical conditions most commonly seen among premature infants. Data from three groups of drug-dependent women and their infants and one control group demonstrate that the high mortality rate, as well as the incidence of low birth weight, can be reduced to a rate similar to the control group in infants of mothers who receive comprehensive services that include prenatal care in conjunction with methadone maintenance.
L P Finnegan; D S Reeser; J F Connaughton
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Drug and alcohol dependence     Volume:  2     ISSN:  0376-8716     ISO Abbreviation:  Drug Alcohol Depend     Publication Date:  1977 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1977-06-30     Completed Date:  1977-06-30     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7513587     Medline TA:  Drug Alcohol Depend     Country:  SWITZERLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  131-40     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Infant Mortality*
Infant, Low Birth Weight*
Infant, Newborn*
Infant, Newborn, Diseases / etiology,  mortality
Infant, Premature, Diseases / etiology,  mortality
Maternal-Fetal Exchange
Substance-Related Disorders / complications*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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