Document Detail


The effects of maternal alcohol consumption and cigarette smoking during pregnancy on acoustic cry analysis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8890509     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
During the last trimester of pregnancy, 127 primiparous Irish mothers were interviewed to ascertain their history of alcohol and tobacco use. Confounding effects due to other drugs were not a factor in this sample. Mothers consumed an average of .21 ounces absolute alcohol (AA) per day, with 62% classified as moderate drinkers, 10.6% as heavy drinkers, and 26% as nondrinkers. Neurobehavioral status was measured using acoustic characteristics of the infant's cry, collected on the third day of life. Multiple regression analysis showed that more ounces AA per day was related to more dysphonation and higher first formant, while more cigarette smoking was related to higher pitch, higher second formant, and more variability in the second formant. Analysis of variance comparisons of these 3 alcohol groups demonstrated significant cry effects on infants of heavy drinking mothers.
Authors:
J K Nugent; B M Lester; S M Greene; D Wieczorek-Deering; P O'Mahony
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Child development     Volume:  67     ISSN:  0009-3920     ISO Abbreviation:  Child Dev     Publication Date:  1996 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1996-12-04     Completed Date:  1996-12-04     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372725     Medline TA:  Child Dev     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1806-15     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
University of Massachusetts at Amherst, School of Education, Furcolo Hall 01003, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Alcohol Drinking*
Crying*
Female
Humans
Infant, Newborn
Maternal Behavior*
Mothers / psychology*
Pregnancy
Smoking*
Speech Acoustics*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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