Document Detail


The effects of fructo-oligosaccharides or whole wheat on the performance and digestive tract of broiler chickens.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18568758     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
1. The objective of this experiment was to study two feeding methods, which could potentially act on the gut microflora, the structure and/or the function of the digestive tract and thereby improve the performance of broilers. 2. Four dietary treatments were studied: a negative control (wheat based) with no additives (C), a positive control with 0.01 g/kg avilamycin (AV), a treatment with 0.6 g/kg fructo-oligosaccharides (FOS) and a treatment with the same composition as treatment C but in which a part or all (400 g/kg) of the wheat was given as whole wheat and a concentrate supplement (WW). The measurements were: the performance from 0 to 6 weeks, the bacterial counts at 3 and 6 weeks, the digestive tract morphology and the activity of some intestinal enzymes at 3 weeks. 3. The birds given AV had better daily live weight gain (DLWG) and feed conversion ratio (FCR) compared to treatment C. The birds given FOS had a lower feed intake and a lower DLWG than the birds on treatment C but their FCR was significantly improved. WW resulted in a numerically lower feed intake and a significantly lower DLWG than treatment C. With AV, the number of aerobic mesophilic bacteria in the caeca was reduced at 3 weeks. With WW, gizzard and pancreas weights were greater and the surfaces of the ileal crypts were larger. An increased activity of leucine aminopeptidase (LAP) in the duodenum was found for treatments AV, FOS and WW. 4. In conclusion, in this study, treatments WW and FOS reduced DLWG, which may have been due to a lower feed intake during the whole period. With WW, the FCR was not affected, maybe because of both positive and negative effects on digestive tract (higher gizzard and pancreas development and LAP activity; larger crypts). However, FOS improved FCR, which may be partly explained by the higher LAP activity.
Authors:
J Williams; S Mallet; M Leconte; M Lessire; I Gabriel
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  British poultry science     Volume:  49     ISSN:  1466-1799     ISO Abbreviation:  Br. Poult. Sci.     Publication Date:  2008 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-06-23     Completed Date:  2008-08-06     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  15740290R     Medline TA:  Br Poult Sci     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  329-39     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
INRA, UR83 Recherches Avicoles, F-37380, Nouzilly, France.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Alkaline Phosphatase / metabolism
Animal Feed*
Animals
Body Weight / drug effects
Chickens / growth & development*
Fructose / pharmacology*
Gastrointestinal Tract / drug effects,  physiology*
Housing, Animal
Intestine, Small / enzymology
Meat*
Oligosaccharides / pharmacology*
Weight Gain / drug effects
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Oligosaccharides; 30237-26-4/Fructose; EC 3.1.3.1/Alkaline Phosphatase

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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