Document Detail


The effects of fear and hunger on food neophobia in humans.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7495328     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
We examined the effects of hunger and fear on food neophobia in humans. Subjects came to the experiment five or more hours food-deprived (high hunger) or two or less hours food-deprived (low hunger) and were assigned either to give a speech (high fear) or to listen to a speech (low fear). All subjects were then given the task of selecting for tasting one member of each of ten pairs of foods, each pair consisting of one novel and one familiar food. The number of novel foods chosen was the measure of food neophobia (with fewer choices indicative of greater neophobia). The results indicated that subjects were least neophobic in the low fear-low hunger condition and were tentatively interpreted in terms of Hull's (1943) theory of behavior. That is, it was assumed that fear and hunger summated to produce different levels of drive in the various conditions, which combined with responses of different habit strength (the tendency to approach novel stimuli and the tendency to approach familiar stimuli) to produce the results obtained.
Authors:
P Pliner; A Eng; K Krishnan
Related Documents :
1788148 - Amylin decreases food intake in mice.
6629638 - Effect of deprivation on the grocery shopping behavior of obese and nonobese consumers.
8511208 - Stress suppresses testicular and body weight in young syrian hamsters under short photo...
16641678 - Intraparaventricular neuropeptide y and ghrelin induce learned behaviors that report fo...
17640158 - Dietary fiber intake and endogenous serum hormone levels in naturally postmenopausal me...
6571608 - The problem of anorexia nervosa.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Appetite     Volume:  25     ISSN:  0195-6663     ISO Abbreviation:  Appetite     Publication Date:  1995 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1996-01-11     Completed Date:  1996-01-11     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8006808     Medline TA:  Appetite     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  77-87     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Psychology, Erindale College, University of Toronto, Mississauga, Ontario, Canada.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Fear*
Feeding Behavior / psychology*
Female
Food Preferences / psychology*
Humans
Hunger*
Reference Values

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Adolescent food choice criteria: role of weight and dieting status.
Next Document:  The effect on hunger and satiety of slowing the absorption of glucose: relationship with gastric emp...