Document Detail


The effects of exercise-training on energy balance and adipose tissue morphology and metabolism.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3892629     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The effects of exercise training on energy expenditure, energy intake, fat cell size and adipose tissue lipolysis have been reviewed. Individuals engaged in regular and intense training programmes, e.g. long distance runners, seem to exhibit an elevated resting metabolic rate but moderate training is not accompanied by any important change. Diet-induced thermogenesis is a significant component of daily energy expenditure. It is still unclear whether or not exercise or training causes significant alteration in the thermic response to food intake. Energy expenditure associated with physical activity can play a meaningful role in body composition and adipose tissue metabolism. Largest weight losses have been achieved with programmes of long duration, presumably without marked compensation in food intake. However, it has been shown repeatedly that an increase in energy expenditure with exercise training tends to be associated with an elevation in food intake in free-living individuals. Weight loss is concomitant with a reduction in fat cell diameter and, when caused by an exercise training programme, it is generally accompanied by an increase in fat cell lipolytic activities. There are clear indications that weight loss induced by exercise training has a much higher fat content than weight loss caused by dieting. In addition, data suggest that exercise training may result in a greater depletion of fat stores than a low calorie diet, thus delaying the advent of the resistance phase to fat loss. Data on human subjects derived from well controlled energy balance and metabolic experiments are needed to further advance our understanding about the effects of exercise training on the adipose tissue.
Authors:
A Tremblay; J P Després; C Bouchard
Related Documents :
6508519 - Paraplegic energy expenditure during negotiation of architectural barriers.
21921819 - Movement and skill analysis of supercross bmx.
22053599 - Exercise-induced bronchoconstriction in rhinitis children without asthma.
21867499 - Sex differences in resting hemodynamics and arterial stiffness following 4 weeks of res...
22211199 - Energy expenditure in brass and woodwind instrumentalists: the effect of body posture.
21689809 - Selective improvement of cognitive function in adult and aged app/ps1 transgenic mice b...
10657819 - Augmented trochanteric bone mineral density after modified physical education classes: ...
16523229 - A novel approach to measure variability in the anterior cruciate ligament deficient kne...
15125809 - Deciding to exercise: the role of anticipated regret.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Sports medicine (Auckland, N.Z.)     Volume:  2     ISSN:  0112-1642     ISO Abbreviation:  Sports Med     Publication Date:    1985 May-Jun
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1985-08-22     Completed Date:  1985-08-22     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8412297     Medline TA:  Sports Med     Country:  NEW ZEALAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  223-33     Citation Subset:  IM    
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adipose Tissue / anatomy & histology,  metabolism*
Adult
Animals
Body Temperature Regulation
Body Weight
Child
Diet, Reducing
Eating
Energy Metabolism*
Female
Humans
Lipid Metabolism
Male
Physical Education and Training*
Physical Exertion*
Rats

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  A critical review of the literature on ratings scales for perceived exertion.
Next Document:  Research: the prerequisite for innovative strategies and technologies.