Document Detail

The effects of exercise-based rehabilitation on balance and gait for stroke patients: a systematic review.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22089406     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
ABSTRACT: This review evaluated the effects of balance and/or gait exercise interventions for stroke survivors and summarized the available evidence on these exercise interventions. A search for studies published between January 2001 and January 2010 was performed using the keywords stroke, walking or balance, and physical activity or exercise. Seventeen randomized clinical trials were identified. The findings suggest that initiating early rehabilitation during acute to subacute stroke recovery can improve balance and walking capacity. The findings also demonstrate that at least 1 hour, three to five times per week, of balance training and 30 minutes, three to five times per week, of gait-oriented exercise are effective to improve balance and walking. This review confirms that balance and walking capacity are improved with specific exercise modalities. A combination of balance, gait, and aerobic exercises would be ideal.
Minjeong An; Marianne Shaughnessy
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of neuroscience nursing : journal of the American Association of Neuroscience Nurses     Volume:  43     ISSN:  1945-2810     ISO Abbreviation:  J Neurosci Nurs     Publication Date:  2011 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-11-17     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8603596     Medline TA:  J Neurosci Nurs     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  298-307     Citation Subset:  IM; N    
Questions or comments about this article may be directed to Minjeong An, MSN RN FNP-BC, at She is a doctoral student at the University of Maryland School of Nursing, Baltimore, MD. Marianne Shaughnessy, PhD RN CRNP, is the associate director of Education/Evaluation at the Baltimore VA Geriatric Research Education and Clinical Center (GRECC) and an associate professor at the University of Maryland School of Nursing, Baltimore, MD.
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