Document Detail


The effects of docosahexaenoic acid supplementation and exercise on growth hormone and insulin-like growth factor I serum levels during chronic hypoxia in rats.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22865430     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Abstract Background: In this study we examined the effects of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) on growth hormone (GH), insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) and insulin-like growth factor binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) in response to chronic hypoxia and exercise training in hypoxic conditions. Methods: Thirty-five rats were divided into five groups; control group (C), hypoxia group (H), hypoxia-exercise group (HE), hypoxia-docosahexaenoic acid group (HD), hypoxia-exercise-docosahexaenoic acid group (HED). A treadmill exercise was performed as 30 m/min for 20 min/day, 5 days per week for 28 days at level grade for the exercising groups (HE and HED). DHA was given to the HD and HED groups every day orally (36 mg/kg). The animals, except for the C group, were exposed to hypoxia for 28 days. Results: Serum levels of GH and IGF-I in the H group decreased after chronic hypoxia (p<0.001). GH and IGF-I in the HD group also decreased compared with the C group (p<0.05, p<0.01, respectively). GH in C group did not show significant difference compared with the HE and HED groups. Decreased serum level of IGF-I was observed for the HED group (p<0.05). Conclusions: According to our findings, chronic hypoxia exposure decreases serum levels of GH, and IGF-I and exercise training have a slightly positive effect on GH/IGF-I axis during hypoxia. In addition, DHA supplementation slightly increases GH and IGF-I serum levels in hypoxic conditions. However, this effect on GH/IGF-I axis during hypoxia is not strong compared with exercise. Therefore, we concluded that exercise and/or DHA supplementation does not have additional positive effect on these hormones in hypoxic conditions.
Authors:
Sebahat Turgut; Haydar Ali Erken; Gülten Erken; Ceylan Ayada; Osman Genc; Günfer Turgut
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2011-10-19
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of basic and clinical physiology and pharmacology     Volume:  22     ISSN:  0792-6855     ISO Abbreviation:  J Basic Clin Physiol Pharmacol     Publication Date:  2011  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-08-06     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9101750     Medline TA:  J Basic Clin Physiol Pharmacol     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  103-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
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