Document Detail

The effects of different types and doses of oestrogen replacement therapy on clinic and ambulatory blood pressure and the renin-angiotensin system in normotensive postmenopausal women.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10100079     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: The effect on blood pressure of oral replacement' doses of exogenous oestrogen may depend on the type and dose of oestrogen administered. This study was designed to compare with placebo the effect of once daily treatment with a 'natural' oestrogen, piperazine oestrone sulphate, in two different doses and a semisynthetic oestrogen, ethinyloestradiol, on clinic and ambulatory blood pressure and the renin-angiotensin system in postmenopausal women. DESIGN AND METHODS: Twenty-four normotensive postmenopausal women (median age 54 years, range 47-60 years) participated in the study which used a double-blind crossover design. For each subject there were four randomized treatment phases, each lasting 4 weeks. The separate treatments administered once daily were 0.625 mg oestrone sulphate, 2.5 mg oestrone sulphate, 0.02 mg ethinyloestradiol and matching placebo. Clinic blood pressure, heart rate and weight were measured weekly with the mean values of weeks three and four of each phase used for analysis. Ambulatory blood pressure and biochemical measurements were performed in the final week of each phase. RESULTS: Twenty-four subjects entered and 22 completed the randomized phases of the study. Compared with the placebo phase, end-of-phase mean clinic diastolic blood pressure was reduced in subjects taking the semisynthetic oestrogen (P < 0.01) but was unchanged in those taking the 'low' and 'high' dose natural oestrogen. Mean clinic systolic blood pressure was also unchanged by any of the oestrogen treatments. Ambulatory night-time systolic, diastolic and mean arterial blood pressures were reduced with the low-dose natural and semisynthetic oestrogen treatments compared with placebo (P < 0.01), whereas there was no significant effect of the oestrogen treatments on ambulatory daytime blood pressures. A reduction in clinic and ambulatory heart rate was observed with the high-dose oestrone and semisynthetic oestrogen treatments. There was a dose-dependent increase in plasma renin substrate and decrease in plasma renin concentration with all active treatments; however, there was no change in plasma renin activity or plasma aldosterone concentration. CONCLUSION: In normotensive postmenopausal women, replacement doses of natural and semisynthetic oestrogen reduce night-time ambulatory blood pressure with either no change or a small reduction in clinic blood pressure. Reduction in blood pressure is not explained by reduced activity of the renin-angiotensin system but could have a component of reduced central sympathetic drive consistent with the decreased heart rate.
P J Harvey; L M Wing; J Savage; D Molloy
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Clinical Trial, Phase IV; Comparative Study; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of hypertension     Volume:  17     ISSN:  0263-6352     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Hypertens.     Publication Date:  1999 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1999-05-26     Completed Date:  1999-05-26     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8306882     Medline TA:  J Hypertens     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  405-11     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Clinical Pharmacology, Flinders University of South Australia, Adelaide, Australia.
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MeSH Terms
Administration, Oral
Aldosterone / blood
Blood Pressure / drug effects*
Blood Pressure Monitoring, Ambulatory*
Cross-Over Studies
Double-Blind Method
Estrogen Replacement Therapy*
Estrone / administration & dosage,  analogs & derivatives*,  therapeutic use
Ethinyl Estradiol / administration & dosage,  therapeutic use*
Follicle Stimulating Hormone / blood
Follow-Up Studies
Middle Aged
Postmenopause / physiology*
Renin / blood
Renin-Angiotensin System / drug effects*
Sex Hormone-Binding Globulin / metabolism
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Sex Hormone-Binding Globulin; 52-39-1/Aldosterone; 53-16-7/Estrone; 57-63-6/Ethinyl Estradiol; 7280-37-7/estropipate; 9002-68-0/Follicle Stimulating Hormone; EC

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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