Document Detail


The effects of delayed reinforcement on variability and repetition of response sequences.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17002225     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Four experiments examined the effects of delays to reinforcement on key peck sequences of pigeons maintained under multiple schedules of contingencies that produced variable or repetitive behavior. In Experiments 1, 2, and 4, in the repeat component only the sequence right-right-left-left earned food, and in the vary component four-response sequences different from the previous 10 earned food. Experiments 1 and 2 examined the effects of nonresetting and resetting delays to reinforcement, respectively. In Experiment 3, in the repeat component sequences had to be the same as one of the previous three, whereas in the vary component sequences had to be different from each of the previous three for food. Experiment 4 compared postreinforcer delays to prereinforcement delays. With immediate reinforcement sequences occurred at a similar rate in the two components, but were less variable in the repeat component. Delays to reinforcement decreased the rate of sequences similarly in both components, but affected variability differently. Variability increased in the repeat component, but was unaffected in the vary component. These effects occurred regardless of the manner in which the delay to reinforcement was programmed or the contingency used to generate repetitive behavior. Furthermore, the effects were unique to prereinforcement delays.
Authors:
Amy L Odum; Ryan D Ward; Christopher A Barnes; K Anne Burke
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the experimental analysis of behavior     Volume:  86     ISSN:  0022-5002     ISO Abbreviation:  J Exp Anal Behav     Publication Date:  2006 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-09-27     Completed Date:  2007-01-18     Revised Date:  2013-06-07    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0203727     Medline TA:  J Exp Anal Behav     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  159-79     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Psychology, Utah State University, Logan 84322, USA. Amy.Odum@usu.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Color Perception
Columbidae
Conditioning, Operant*
Extinction, Psychological
Orientation
Psychomotor Performance*
Reinforcement Schedule*
Serial Learning*
Stereotyped Behavior*
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