Document Detail

The effects of cervical headgear with an expanded inner bow in the permanent dentition.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18678761     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
In this study, the effects of cervical headgear (CHG) use on the transverse dimension of the maxillary dental arch were evaluated in patients in the permanent dentition. Thirteen girls and 12 boys (mean age: 13.41 +/- 0.52 years) with a bilateral full cusp Class II molar relationship comprised the study group. Fifteen girls and 10 boys with a Class I normal occlusion comprised the controls. In the treatment group, CHG with an expanded inner bow was used for a mean period of 11.2 +/- 5.6 months. The headgear was used for molar distalization and the force magnitude was 196.1 cN. After CHG treatment, the patients underwent non-extraction fixed orthodontic treatment for 14.1 +/- 2.5 months. During this period, the control group received regular dental check-ups. Dental casts obtained at the beginning (T1) and end (T2) of headgear use and at the end of orthodontic treatment (T3) and posteroanterior cephalograms taken at T1 and T2 were evaluated. A Student's t-test was used for intergroup comparison at T1, T2, and T3 and a Mann-Whitney U-test with a Bonferroni correction for comparison of treatment/observation changes. At T2, intercanine (0.96 +/- 0.56 mm), interpremolar (1.6 +/- 0.55 mm for the first premolar, 1.74 +/- 0.65 mm for the second premolar), and intermolar (2.31 +/- 0.75 mm) widths increased, while the distance between the intersection of the zygomatic process and the maxillary alveolar process on the right (JR) and left (JL) did not change. Fixed orthodontic treatment did not have any effect on any of the measurements. With the intentional expansion of the inner bow of CHG, the amount of maxillary dental arch expansion achieved in the permanent dentition was statistically significant (P < 0.017).
Selin Kale Varlik; Hakan N Iscan
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of orthodontics     Volume:  30     ISSN:  1460-2210     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur J Orthod     Publication Date:  2008 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-08-05     Completed Date:  2008-12-01     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7909010     Medline TA:  Eur J Orthod     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  425-30     Citation Subset:  D; IM    
Department of Orthodontics, Gazi University, Emek, Ankara, Turkey.
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MeSH Terms
Case-Control Studies
Dental Arch / anatomy & histology,  growth & development
Dentition, Permanent
Extraoral Traction Appliances*
Jaw Relation Record
Malocclusion, Angle Class II / therapy*
Maxilla / growth & development
Orthodontic Appliance Design*
Orthodontics, Corrective / instrumentation*,  methods
Palatal Expansion Technique / instrumentation*
Statistics, Nonparametric
Treatment Outcome

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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