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The effects of beverage type on homicide rates in Russia, 1970-2005.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21426423     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Introduction and Aims. Previous research from Western Europe and North America has suggested that consuming different types of alcoholic beverage may have differing effects on homicide rates both within and between countries. The aim of this study was to examine the relation between the consumption of different beverage types and homicide rates in Russia across the later-Soviet and post-Soviet periods. Design and Methods. Age-standardised male and female homicide data for the period 1970-2005 and data on beverage-specific alcohol sales were obtained from the Russian State Statistical Committee (Rosstat). Time series analysis (autoregressive integrated moving average modelling) was used to examine the relation between the sale (consumption) of different alcoholic beverages and homicide rates. Results. Total alcohol consumption and vodka consumption as measured by sales were significantly associated with both male and female homicide rates: a 1 L increase in overall alcohol sales would result in a 5.9% increase in the male homicide rate and a 5.1% increase in the female homicide rate. The respective figures for vodka were 16.4% and 14.3%. The consumption of beer and wine was not associated with changes in homicide rates. Discussion and Conclusions. Our findings suggest that the consumption of distilled spirits has had an especially detrimental impact on lethal violence in Russia from at least 1970 onwards. In order to reduce homicide rates in this context, alcohol policy should focus on reducing overall consumption as well as attempting to shift the beverage preference away from distilled spirits.[Stickley A, Razvodovsky Y. The effects of beverage type on homicide rates in Russia, 1970-2005. Drug Alcohol Rev 2011].
Authors:
Andrew Stickley; Yury Razvodovsky
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-3-22
Journal Detail:
Title:  Drug and alcohol review     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1465-3362     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-3-23     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9015440     Medline TA:  Drug Alcohol Rev     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2011 Australasian Professional Society on Alcohol and other Drugs.
Affiliation:
Department of Global Health Policy, Graduate School of Medicine, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan Stockholm Centre on Health of Societies in Transition (SCOHOST), Södertörn University, Huddinge, Sweden Grodno State Medical University, Grodno, Belarus.
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