Document Detail


The effects of athletic massage on delayed onset muscle soreness, creatine kinase, and neutrophil count: a preliminary report.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8148868     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
It was hypothesized that athletic massage administered 2 hours after eccentric exercise would disrupt an initial crucial event in acute inflammation, the accumulation of neutrophils. This would result in a diminished inflammatory response and a concomitant reduction in delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS) and serum creatine kinase (CK). Untrained males were randomly assigned to a massage (N = 7) or control (N = 7) group. All performed five sets of isokinetic eccentric exercise of the elbow flexors and extensors. Two hours after exercise, massage subjects received a 30-minute athletic massage; control subjects rested. Delayed onset muscle soreness and CK were assessed before exercise and at 8, 24, 48, 72, 96, and 120 hours after exercise. Circulating neutrophils were assessed before and immediately after exercise, and at 30-minute intervals for 8 hours; cortisol was assessed before and immediately after exercise, and at 30-minute intervals for 8 hours; cortisol was assessed at similar times. A trend analysis revealed a significant (p < 0.05) treatment by time interaction effect for 1) DOMS, with the massage group reporting reduced levels; 2) CK, with the massage group displaying reduced levels; 3) neutrophils, with the massage group displaying a prolonged elevation; and 4) cortisol, with the massage group showing a diminished diurnal reduction. The results of this study suggest that sports massage will reduce DOMS and CK when administered 2 hours after the termination of eccentric exercise. This may be due to a reduced emigration of neutrophils and/or higher levels of serum cortisol.
Authors:
L L Smith; M N Keating; D Holbert; D J Spratt; M R McCammon; S S Smith; R G Israel
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of orthopaedic and sports physical therapy     Volume:  19     ISSN:  0190-6011     ISO Abbreviation:  J Orthop Sports Phys Ther     Publication Date:  1994 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1994-05-09     Completed Date:  1994-05-09     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7908150     Medline TA:  J Orthop Sports Phys Ther     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  93-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Human Performance Laboratory, East Carolina University, Greenville, NC 27858.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Creatine Kinase / blood*
Exercise / physiology*
Humans
Hydrocortisone / blood
Isometric Contraction / physiology*
Leukocyte Count
Male
Massage*
Myositis / physiopathology
Neutrophils / immunology*
Pain Measurement*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
50-23-7/Hydrocortisone; EC 2.7.3.2/Creatine Kinase

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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