Document Detail


The effects of airway pressure and inspiratory time on bacterial translocation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17242097     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Mechanical ventilation with high peak inspiratory pressure (PIP) induces lung injury and bacterial translocation from the lung into the systemic circulation. We investigated the effects of increased inspiratory time on translocation of intratracheally inoculated bacteria during mechanical ventilation with and without extrinsic positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP). METHODS: Rats were ventilated in pressure-controlled mode with 14 cm H2O PIP, 0 cm H2O PEEP, I:E ratio 1/2, and Fio2 1.0. Subsequently, 0.5 mL of 10(5) cfu/mL Pseudomonas aeruginosa was inoculated through tracheostomy and rats were randomly assigned to six groups; two low-pressure groups (LP)1/2, 14 cm H2O PIP, 0 cm H2O PEEP, I:E = 1/2, and LP2/1 14 cm H2O PIP, 0 cm H2O PEEP, I:E = 2/1; two high-pressure groups (HP)1/2, 30 cm H2O PIP, 0 cm H2O PEEP, I:E = 1/2, and HP2/1, 30 cm H2O PIP, 0 cm H2O PEEP, I:E = 2/1; two HP PEEP groups (HPP)1/2, 30 cm H2O PIP, 10 cm H2O PEEP, I:E = 1/2, and HPP2/1, 30 cm H2O PIP, 10 cm H2O PEEP, I:E = 2/1. Blood cultures were obtained every 30 min. The rats were killed and their lungs were processed. RESULTS: When compared with baseline values, Pao2 decreased in the LP1/2, LP2/1, HP1/2, and HP2/1 groups at the last time point, but the decline in Pao2 reached statistical significance in only the HP1/2 group. The bacterial translocation rate was greater in group HPP2/1 than group HPP1/2 (P = 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: We found that high PIP, with or without prolonged inspiratory time, increased the rate of bacterial dissemination. PEEP prevented bacterial translocation in the high PIP group. However, the protective effect of PEEP was lost when inspiratory time was prolonged.
Authors:
Perihan Ergin Ozcan; Nahit Cakar; Simru Tugrul; Ozkan Akinci; Atahan Cagatay; Dilek Yilmazbayhan; Figen Esen; Lutfi Telci; Kutay Akpir
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Anesthesia and analgesia     Volume:  104     ISSN:  1526-7598     ISO Abbreviation:  Anesth. Analg.     Publication Date:  2007 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-01-23     Completed Date:  2007-03-15     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1310650     Medline TA:  Anesth Analg     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  391-6     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, Istanbul Medical Faculty, Istanbul University, Capa, Istanbul, Turkey. pergin@istanbul.edu.tr
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Bacterial Translocation / physiology*
Inhalation / physiology*
Positive-Pressure Respiration* / methods
Pseudomonas aeruginosa / physiology*
Rats
Rats, Sprague-Dawley
Respiration, Artificial / methods
Time Factors

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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