Document Detail


The effects of aging, housing and ibuprofen treatment on brain neurochemistry in a triple transgene Alzheimer's disease mouse model using magnetic resonance spectroscopy and imaging.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25301691     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
We investigated a triple transgene Alzheimer's disease (AD) mouse model that recapitulates many of the neurochemical, anatomic, pathologic and behavioral defects seen in human AD. We studied the mice as a function of age and brain region and investigated potential therapy with the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug ibuprofen. Magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) showed alterations characteristic of AD (i.e. increased myo-inositol and decreased N-acetylaspartate (NAA)). Mice at 6 months of age showed an increase in myo-inositol in the hippocampus at a time when the Aβ is intracellular, but not in amygdala or cortex. Myo-inositol increased as a function of age in the amygdala, cortex and striatum while NAA decreased only in the hippocampus and cortex at 17-23 months of age. Ibuprofen protected the increase of myo-inositol at six months of age in the hippocampus, but had no effect at 17-23 months of age (a time when Aβ is extracellular). In vivo MRI and MRS showed that at 17-23 months of age there was a significant protective effect of ibuprofen on hippocampal volume and NAA loss. Together, these data show the following: the increase in myo-inositol occurs before the decrease in NAA in hippocampus but not cortex; the hippocampus shows earlier changes than does the amygdale or cortex consistent with earlier deposition of Aβ40-42 in the hippocampus and ibuprofen protects against multiple components of the AD pathology. These data also show a profound effect of housing on this particular mouse model.
Authors:
Ji-Kyung Choi; Isabel Carreras; Nur Aytan; Eric Jenkins-Sahlin; Alpaslan Dedeoglu; Bruce G Jenkins
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-10-6
Journal Detail:
Title:  Brain research     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1872-6240     ISO Abbreviation:  Brain Res.     Publication Date:  2014 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-10-10     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  2014-10-11    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0045503     Medline TA:  Brain Res     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2014. Published by Elsevier B.V.
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