Document Detail

The effects of aerobic exercise on academic engagement in young children with autism spectrum disorder.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21552085     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
PURPOSE: : To determine whether participation in aerobic exercise before classroom activities improves academic engagement and reduces stereotypic behaviors in young children with autism spectrum disorder.
METHODS: : This study employed a within-subjects crossover design, using a treatment condition (aerobic exercise) and a control condition, across 4 classrooms. The treatment condition included 15 minutes of running/jogging followed by a classroom task. The control condition included a classroom task not preceded by exercise. The number of stereotypic behaviors, percentage of on-task behavior, and correct/incorrect responses were measured. The Wilcoxon signed rank test was used to compare differences between conditions.
RESULTS: : Statistically significant improvements were found in correct responding following exercise (P < .05). No significant differences were found for on-task behavior or stereotypic behaviors.
CONCLUSIONS: : Consistent with findings in older children, these results indicate that aerobic exercise prior to classroom activities may improve academic responding in young children with autism spectrum disorder.
Kathryn N Oriel; Cheryl L George; Rebecca Peckus; Amanda Semon
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pediatric physical therapy : the official publication of the Section on Pediatrics of the American Physical Therapy Association     Volume:  23     ISSN:  1538-005X     ISO Abbreviation:  Pediatr Phys Ther     Publication Date:  2011  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-05-09     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8912748     Medline TA:  Pediatr Phys Ther     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  187-93     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Physical Therapy, Lebanon Valley College, Annville, Pennsylvania.
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