Document Detail


The effects of acute exercise on subsequent cigarette smoking.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2956427     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The present study was conducted to examine the effects of acute aerobic exercise on smoking behavior. On alternate days, 10 healthy young smokers were subjected to half an hour of sustained high exercise (about 56% of maximum work capacity) or of low exercise (about 28% of maximum, simulating normal daytime activity). During the high-exercise condition, there were pronounced increases in physiological markers of physical activity such as mean work, heart rate, and lactic acid as well as elevations in circulating hormones (norepinephrine, epinephrine, and immunoreactive beta-endorphin and cortisol) known to be affected by vigorous exercise. Despite a trend toward decreased desire for cigarettes after the high exercise condition, there were no differences in plasma nicotine levels following the smoking of a usual-brand cigarette 35 min later. The sustained effects of the two exercise conditions were also similar: plasma cotinine levels 24 hr later (reflecting nicotine intake over the entire exercise day) revealed no significant differences between high and low exercise.
Authors:
O F Pomerleau; H H Scherzer; N E Grunberg; C S Pomerleau; J Judge; J B Fertig; J Burleson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Controlled Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of behavioral medicine     Volume:  10     ISSN:  0160-7715     ISO Abbreviation:  J Behav Med     Publication Date:  1987 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1987-08-28     Completed Date:  1987-08-28     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7807105     Medline TA:  J Behav Med     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  117-27     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Arousal / physiology
Endorphins / blood
Epinephrine / blood
Humans
Hydrocortisone / blood
Nicotine / blood
Norepinephrine / blood
Physical Exertion*
Psychological Tests
Smoking*
Substance Withdrawal Syndrome / psychology
beta-Endorphin
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
CA/DA 42730/CA/NCI NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Endorphins; 50-23-7/Hydrocortisone; 51-41-2/Norepinephrine; 51-43-4/Epinephrine; 54-11-5/Nicotine; 60617-12-1/beta-Endorphin

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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