Document Detail


The effects of L-659,066, a peripheral α2-adrenoceptor antagonist, and verapamil on the cardiovascular influences of dexmedetomidine in conscious sheep.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20840386     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
We investigated whether administration of L-659,066, a peripheral α(2) -adrenoceptor antagonist, or verapamil, a calcium-channel antagonist, would prevent the cardiovascular effects of dexmedetomidine. Eleven sheep received three intravenous treatments with a randomized, cross-over design: dexmedetomidine (5 μg/kg, DEX); DEX with L-659,066 (250 μg/kg, DEX + L); and verapamil (0.05 mg/kg) 10 min prior to DEX (Ver + DEX). Haemodynamics were recorded at intervals upto 40 min. Acute increases in mean arterial pressure (MAP) (106 ± 10.7 to 120.8 ± 11.7 mmHg), central venous pressure (CVP) (3.3 ± 3.2 to 14.7 ± 5.0 mmHg) and systemic vascular resistance (SVR) (1579 ± 338 to 2301 ± 523 dyne s/cm(5) ), and decreases in cardiac output (CO) (5.36 ± 0.87 to 3.93 ± 1.30 L/min) and heart rate (HR) (88.6 ± 15.3 to 49.7 ± 5.5/min) were detected with DEX. The peak SVR remained lower after Ver + DEX (1835 ± 226 dyne s/cm(5) ) than DEX alone, but the other parameters did not significantly differ between these treatments. 2 min after drug delivery, differences between DEX and DEX + L were statistically significant for all measured haemodynamic parameters. With DEX + L, an early decrease in MAP (99.9 ± 6.8 to 89.3 ± 6.6 mmHg) was detected, and DEX + L induced a slight but significant increase in CVP and a decrease in HR at the end of the observation period, while SVR and CO did not significantly change. All animals were assessed as deeply sedated from 2-20 min with no differences between treatments. L-659,066 has great potential for clinical use to prevent the cardiovascular effects of dexmedetomidine mediated by peripheral α(2) -adrenoceptors, whereas the effects of verapamil were marginal.
Authors:
M R Raekallio; J M Honkavaara; O M Vainio
Related Documents :
1914246 - Diltiazem and verapamil lower blood pressure in the unanaesthetized rat through cns mec...
9080916 - Meta-analysis of the long-term effect of nifedipine for pulmonary hypertension.
9737486 - Metabolic management of ischemic heart disease: clinical data with trimetazidine.
3221006 - Treatment of hypertensive crisis in children with nifedipine.
16288436 - Ex vivo evaluation of a new extracorporeal lung assist device: novalung membrane oxygen...
15133306 - Combined adrenal myelolipoma and medullary hyperplasia.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of veterinary pharmacology and therapeutics     Volume:  33     ISSN:  1365-2885     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Vet. Pharmacol. Ther.     Publication Date:  2010 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-09-15     Completed Date:  2011-01-20     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7910920     Medline TA:  J Vet Pharmacol Ther     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  434-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
© 2010 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
Affiliation:
Department of Equine and Small Animal Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland. marja.raekallio@helsinki.fi
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adrenergic alpha-2 Receptor Antagonists / pharmacology
Animals
Blood Pressure / drug effects*
Calcium Channel Blockers / pharmacology
Cardiac Output / drug effects
Cross-Over Studies
Dexmedetomidine / pharmacology*
Female
Heart Rate / drug effects*
Hypnotics and Sedatives / pharmacology
Quinolizines / pharmacology*
Sheep
Vascular Resistance / drug effects*
Verapamil / pharmacology*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Adrenergic alpha-2 Receptor Antagonists; 0/Calcium Channel Blockers; 0/Hypnotics and Sedatives; 0/Quinolizines; 113775-47-6/Dexmedetomidine; 114914-42-0/L 659066; 52-53-9/Verapamil

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Current challenges facing the determination of product bioequivalence in veterinary medicine.
Next Document:  Caudal epidural injection of lidocaine, tramadol, and lidocaine-tramadol for epidural anesthesia in ...