Document Detail


The effectiveness of working wrist splints in adults with rheumatoid arthritis: A mixed methods systematic review.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24715196     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of working wrist splints in people with rheumatoid arthritis. Data sources and study selection: This review adhered to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines. Ten databases were searched from inception until September 2012 for quantitative and qualitative studies on the effectiveness of working wrist splints in rheumatoid arthritis. Data extraction: Data was extracted on participants, interventions, outcome measures and results. Experimental studies were evaluated using the van Tulder scale and the Cochrane Risk of Bias tool. Data was extracted by a single reviewer and all studies were reviewed by two blind reviewers. Data synthesis: Twenty-three studies were included in the review (n = 1,492), 13 experimental studies including 9 randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and 2 qualitative studies. Data was summarized using best evidence synthesis and a meta-ethnographical approach guided qualitative evidence synthesis. There is strong quantitative evidence (including 9 RCTs), supported by conclusions from qualitative literature, that working wrist splints reduce pain (d = 0.7-0.8), moderate evidence that grip strength is improved (d = 0.3-0.4) and dexterity impaired and insufficient evidence of their effect on function. Conclusions: Working wrist splints reduce pain and improve grip in rheumatoid arthritis. The effect of splints on function is not yet clear.
Authors:
Lucia Ramsey; Robert John Winder; Joseph G McVeigh
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-4-8
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of rehabilitation medicine : official journal of the UEMS European Board of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1651-2081     ISO Abbreviation:  J Rehabil Med     Publication Date:  2014 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-4-9     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101088169     Medline TA:  J Rehabil Med     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
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