Document Detail


The effectiveness of computer-aided, self-instructional programs in dental education: a systematic review of the literature.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12809187     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Computer-aided learning (CAL), self-instructional programs provide an accessible, interactive, and flexible way of presenting curriculum material. In order to assess the effectiveness of CAL programs in dental education, a systematic review of the published literature comparing CAL with other teaching methods was performed. A systematic search of the published literature was performed. Articles formally assessed for inclusion had to meet the following criteria: randomized controlled trials comparing CAL with any other method of instruction, and the use of academically homogeneous dental students or dental professionals with objective, predefined outcome criteria measuring performance, time spent, and attitudes. The searches located a total of 1,042 articles; of these, only twenty-seven articles met the inclusion criteria. Further quality assessment identified twelve studies that were included in the final review. Five of the studies documented statistically significant differences in outcome measures (scores on multiple choice, written or oral tests, and clinical performance) favoring CAL over comparison group(s), while six revealed no statistically significant differences. One study documented a greater improvement in test scores in the seminar group over the CAL group. Participants' attitudes towards CAL in the included studies are also discussed. Our study concluded that CAL is as effective as other methods of teaching and can be used as an adjunct to traditional education or as a means of self-instruction.
Authors:
Harold Rosenberg; Helen A Grad; David W Matear
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Meta-Analysis; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of dental education     Volume:  67     ISSN:  0022-0337     ISO Abbreviation:  J Dent Educ     Publication Date:  2003 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-06-17     Completed Date:  2003-07-01     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8000150     Medline TA:  J Dent Educ     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  524-32     Citation Subset:  D; IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada MSG1G8.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Attitude
Clinical Competence
Computer-Assisted Instruction*
Education, Dental*
Educational Measurement
Faculty, Dental
Humans
Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
Self-Evaluation Programs*
Statistics as Topic
Students, Dental
Teaching / methods
Time Factors

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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