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An effective method to release human islets from surrounding acinar cells with agitation in high osmolality solution.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22099746     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
INTRODUCTION: Islet purification is mainly performed by the density gradient method. However, purification of the embedded islets that are surrounded by exocrine tissue should be difficult, because their density is similar to exocrine tissue. In this study, we performed chart review to assess the relationship between the ratio of embedded islets and efficacy of purification. Then, we tested several conditions of a new method to free the islets from surrounded exocrine tissues using high osmolality solution with gentle agitation.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: First, we performed chart review of our human islet isolation. Second, embedded islet-enriched human islet fractions (embedded islets >50%) were suspended in University of Wisconsin (UW) solution (UW group, 320 mOsm/kg/H(2)0) or osmolality-adjusted UW solution (400, 500, and 600 mOsm/kg/H(2)0; 400 group, 500 group, and 600 group, respectively). Each tube was gently shaken at 4°C. The tissue samples were taken before shaking and after 15, 30, and 60 minutes. Islet yield, percentage of embedded islets, and viabilities were assessed.
RESULTS: The chart review revealed that high ratio of embedded islets deteriorated the efficacy of islet purification. The islet yield in all groups except for the 600 group did not change at 15 minutes, but it decreased in all groups at 60 minutes. The average percentage of embedded islets before shaking was 62.6%. Although percentage of embedded islets were decreasing in all groups, it was < 20% at 15 minutes in the 500 and 600 groups whereas it was >44% in the UW group, which indicated that higher osmolality would have a greater effect. Viability was >95% in all groups at 30 minutes.
CONCLUSIONS: The embedded islets deteriorated the efficacy of islet purification. Gentle agitation of embedded islets in high osmolality (500 mOsm/kg/H(2)O, 15 minutes) could release islets from surrounded exocrine tissue.
Authors:
M Shimoda; T Itoh; K Sugimoto; M Takita; D Chujo; S Iwahashi; J A Sorelle; B Naziruddin; M F Levy; P A Grayburn; S Matsumoto
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Transplantation proceedings     Volume:  43     ISSN:  1873-2623     ISO Abbreviation:  Transplant. Proc.     Publication Date:  2011 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-11-21     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0243532     Medline TA:  Transplant Proc     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  3161-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Baylor Research Institute, Dallas, Texas, USA; Baylor University Medical Center at Dallas, Dallas, Texas, USA.
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