Document Detail

The effect of a water exercise program on bone density of postmenopausal women.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18974722     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
AIM: The aim of the present study was to examine the effect of a seven months program of water exercise, on bone mineral density (BMD) in postmenopausal women. METHODS: Thirty-five postmenopausal women trained for seven months for three one-hour sessions per week. DEXA test findings for vertebrae L2-L4 showed that although the time factor had a significant effect only on the bone mineral content (BMC), (4.61 P < 0.05), the interaction of time group was found to be significant for each of the variables: BMD (9.25 P < 0.01), BMC (7.99 P < 0.01), z-score (5.35 P < 0.05) and t-score (9.41 P < 0.01). RESULTS: These interactions indicate a general trend towards maintenance or improvement of bone status in the experimental group and a trend towards declining bone status for the control group. DEXA test findings for femoral neck density indicated no significant differences between the groups pre and post treatment. However a significant interaction was found for BMC (8.08 P < 0.01) in the right leg indicating an increase trend in BMC in the experimental group and a trend towards decrease for the control group. CONCLUSION: The findings of the present study support the hypothesis that it is possible to plan and execute a water exercise program that has a positive effect on bone status of post-menopausal women.
A Rotstein; M Harush; N Vaisman
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of sports medicine and physical fitness     Volume:  48     ISSN:  0022-4707     ISO Abbreviation:  J Sports Med Phys Fitness     Publication Date:  2008 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-10-31     Completed Date:  2008-12-05     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376337     Medline TA:  J Sports Med Phys Fitness     Country:  Italy    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  352-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Life Sciences, Zinman College, Wingate Institute, Netanya, Israel.
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MeSH Terms
Absorptiometry, Photon
Bone Density*
Femur Neck / physiology
Health Status Indicators
Middle Aged
Motor Activity
Osteoporosis, Postmenopausal / prevention & control*
Pilot Projects
Program Evaluation*
Risk Factors
Women's Health*
Reg. No./Substance:

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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