Document Detail

The effect of warm-up intensity on range of motion and anaerobic performance.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9475139     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Although there is a paucity of scientific support for the benefits of warm-up, athletes commonly warm up prior to activity with the intention of improving performance and reducing the incidence of injuries. The purpose of this study was to examine the role of warm-up intensity on both range of motion (ROM) and anaerobic performance. Nine males (age = 21.7 +/- 1.6 years, height = 1.77 +/- 0.04 m, weight = 80.2 +/- 6.8 kg, and VO2max = 60.4 +/- 5.4 ml/kg/min) completed four trials. Each trial consisted of hip, knee, and ankle ROM evaluation using an electronic inclinometer and an anaerobic capacity test on the treadmill (time to fatigue at 13 km/hr and 20% grade). Subjects underwent no warm-up or a warm-up of 15 minutes running at 60, 70 or 80% VO2max followed by a series of lower limb stretches. Intensity of warm-up had little effect on ROM, since ankle dorsiflexion and hip extension significantly increased in all warm-up conditions, hip flexion significantly increased only after the 80% VO2max warm-up, and knee flexion did not change after any warm-up. Heart rate and body temperature were significantly increased (p < 0.05) prior to anaerobic performance for each of the warm-up conditions, but anaerobic performance improved significantly only after warm-up at 60% VO2max (10%) and 70% VO2max (13%). A 15-minute warm-up at an intensity of 60-70% VO2max is therefore recommended to improve ROM and enhance subsequent anaerobic performance.
I B Stewart; G G Sleivert
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of orthopaedic and sports physical therapy     Volume:  27     ISSN:  0190-6011     ISO Abbreviation:  J Orthop Sports Phys Ther     Publication Date:  1998 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1998-04-14     Completed Date:  1998-04-14     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7908150     Medline TA:  J Orthop Sports Phys Ther     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  154-61     Citation Subset:  IM    
University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada.
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MeSH Terms
Anaerobic Threshold*
Analysis of Variance
Athletic Injuries / prevention & control
Body Temperature Regulation
Exercise Test
Heart Rate
Oxygen Consumption
Physical Education and Training*
Range of Motion, Articular*
Reproducibility of Results

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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