Document Detail


The effect of war on marriage, divorce and birth rates.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12179705     Owner:  PIP     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The impact of war on marriage, divorce, and birth rates in the United States from 1933 to 1986 is explored. The author concludes that "the involvement of the nation in military activities was accompanied by a decrease in marriage and birth rates but not by any change in divorce rates. Mobilization of the armed forces and demobilization had no discernible impact on divorce, marriage or birth rates."
The objective of this paper is to examine the impact of military participation on marriage, divorce, and births in the US between 1933 and 1986. It is hypothesized that war decreases both the divorce and birth rate and that military returns increase the divorce and birth rates. Data were obtained from published sources: Historical Statistics of the United States and annual issues of the Statistical Abstract of the US. Time-series multiple regression with the Cochrane-Orcutt correction for autocorrelation revealed that when military participation was higher, birth and marriage rates declined. Divorce rates were unaffected. Demobilization did not show any effects on birth, marriage, or divorce rates. These findings support the work of Urlanis on the decline in birth rates during wartime, but contradicts the findings of Stein on the increases of divorce during wartime.
Authors:
D Lester
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of divorce & remarriage     Volume:  19     ISSN:  1050-2556     ISO Abbreviation:  J Divorce Remarriage     Publication Date:  1993  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1995-09-07     Completed Date:  1995-09-07     Revised Date:  2013-03-26    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9318046     Medline TA:  J Divorce Remarriage     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  229-31     Citation Subset:  J    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Americas
Birth Rate*
Demography
Developed Countries
Divorce*
Fertility
Government
Marriage*
Military Personnel*
Multivariate Analysis*
North America
Politics
Population
Population Dynamics
Research
Statistics as Topic*
Time Factors*
United States
War*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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