Document Detail

The effect of vitamin A-fortified coconut cooking oil on the serum retinol concentration of Filipino children 4-7 years old.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15734707     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
A 6-month intervention trial was conducted among 542 Filipino children aged 4 to 7 years to determine the effect of vitamin A-fortified coconut cooking oil intake on their vitamin A status and to identify factors that influence this. Children were randomly assigned to the Experimental group, with vitamin A-fortified cooking oil ration; to Control-1 group with unfortified cooking oil ration; and to Control-2 group without cooking oil ration. In all groups, children's serum retinol concentration improved. Relative change in serum retinol concentration was significantly higher among the Experimental group, with one-third of total vitamin A intake coming from vitamin A-fortified cooking oil intake, than in the Control groups, with more than half of intake from other vitamin A-rich foods. Determinants of post-intervention serum retinol concentration included baseline serum retinol concentration, caregiver's education, receipt of high-dose vitamin A capsule, interaction between consumption of vitamin A-fortified cooking oil and of other vitamin A-rich foods, and between households purchasing cooking oil and food expenditure. Intake of vitamin A-fortified cooking oil combined with vitamin A-rich foods was necessary to increase serum retinol concentration. It is recommended to vigorously promote the consumption of vitamin A-fortified cooking oil together with other vitamin A-rich sources to sustain the prevention and control of vitamin A deficiency.
Luz V Candelaria; Clarita R Magsadia; Rowena E Velasco; Ma Regina A Pedro; Corazon V C Barba; Celeste C Tanchoco
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Asia Pacific journal of clinical nutrition     Volume:  14     ISSN:  0964-7058     ISO Abbreviation:  Asia Pac J Clin Nutr     Publication Date:  2005  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-02-28     Completed Date:  2005-08-18     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9440304     Medline TA:  Asia Pac J Clin Nutr     Country:  Australia    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  43-53     Citation Subset:  IM    
Food and Nutrition Research Institute, Department of Science and Technology, DOST Compound, Bicutan, Taguig, Metro Manila, Philippines.
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MeSH Terms
Analysis of Variance
Chi-Square Distribution
Child, Preschool
Food, Fortified*
Nutritional Status / drug effects
Plant Oils / administration & dosage*
Statistics, Nonparametric
Vitamin A / administration & dosage*,  blood
Vitamin A Deficiency / drug therapy,  epidemiology
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Plant Oils; 11103-57-4/Vitamin A; 8001-31-8/coconut oil

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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