Document Detail

The effect of visuomotor adaptation on proprioceptive localization: the contributions of perceptual and motor changes.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24623356     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Reaching movements are rapidly adapted following training with rotated visual feedback of the hand (motor recalibration). Our laboratory has also found that visuomotor adaptation results in changes in estimates of felt hand position (proprioceptive recalibration) in the direction of the visuomotor distortion (Cressman and Henriques 2009, 2010; Cressman et al. 2010). In the present study, we included an additional method for measuring hand proprioception [specifically, proprioceptive-guided reaches of the unadapted (left) hand to the robot-guided adapted (right) hand-target] and compared this with our original perceptual task (estimating the felt hand position of the adapted hand relative to visual reference markers/the body midline), as well as to no-cursor reaches with the adapted hand (reaching to visual and midline-targets), to better identify whether changes in reaching following adaptation to a 50° rightward-rotated cursor reflect sensory or motor processes. Results for the proprioceptive estimation task were consistent with previous findings; subjects felt their hand to be aligned with a reference marker when it was shifted approximately 4° more in the direction of the visuomotor distortion following adaptation compared with baseline conditions. Moreover, we found similar changes in the proprioceptive-guided reaching task such that subjects misreached 5° in the direction of the cursor rotation. However, these results were true only for proprioceptive-guided reaches to the adapted hand, as reaches to the body midline were not affected by adaptation. This suggests that proprioceptive recalibration is restricted to the adapted hand and does not generalize to the rest of the body; this truly reflects a change in the sensory representation of the hand rather than changes in the motor program. This is in contrast to no-cursor reaches made with the adapted hand, which show reach after-effects for both visual targets and the midline, suggesting that reaches with the adapted hand reflect more of a change in the motor system. Our results also shed light on previous studies that may have misattributed these sensory and motor changes.
Holly A Clayton; Erin K Cressman; Denise Y P Henriques
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-3-13
Journal Detail:
Title:  Experimental brain research     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1432-1106     ISO Abbreviation:  Exp Brain Res     Publication Date:  2014 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-3-13     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0043312     Medline TA:  Exp Brain Res     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
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