Document Detail

The effect of variety and dietary restraint on food intake in lean young women: a preliminary study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20198817     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
When satiety develops specific to sensory properties of food, variety leads to increased eating. The relationship between meal variety and dietary restraint was explored here in lean young women (18-20 years), classified into unrestrainers versus restrainers using the Dutch Eating Behavior Questionnaire Restrained Eating Scale. The expected variety effect obtained for unrestrainers (p < .05) but not for restrainers, despite a typical sensitivity to sensory-specific satiety and the same rate of habituation to sensory-based food responses (i.e., hedonics) across them. Unrestrainers' eating appeared guided by hedonics (p < .05), but not restrainers'. These results suggest the potential involvement of an internal or participant characteristic, instead of an external factor, in moderating unrestrainers' versus restrainers' food consumption when offered a highly desired food (the favorite in the plain condition) versus less desired (but accepted) foods (presented successively with the favorite in the variety condition). Study limitations and suggestions for further research were discussed.
Leh Woon Mok
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of general psychology     Volume:  137     ISSN:  0022-1309     ISO Abbreviation:  J Gen Psychol     Publication Date:    2010 Jan-Mar
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-03-04     Completed Date:  2010-03-26     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2985111R     Medline TA:  J Gen Psychol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  63-83     Citation Subset:  IM    
National Institute of Education, Nanyang Technological University, 1 Nanyang Walk, Singapore 637616, Singapore.
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MeSH Terms
Analysis of Variance
Body Mass Index
Eating / physiology
Energy Intake / physiology
Feeding Behavior / physiology*
Food Habits / physiology*
Food Preferences / physiology
Satiety Response / physiology*
Taste / physiology*
Taste Perception / physiology*
Young Adult

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