Document Detail


The effect of tyre pressure on the economy of cycling.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8513773     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Cycling requires power generation to overcome gravity, air resistance, and rolling resistance. When rolling surface and rolling speed are constant for a given tyre, rolling resistance is determined by tyre inflation pressure and the combined weight (CW) of the bicycle and rider. In this study, the oxygen uptake per unit CW (VO2 x CW-1) of seven trained bicycle racers (5 men, 2 women, 24 +/- 2 years) was measured while each cycled up a 4% incline at 19.3 km.h-1 and 75 revolutions.min-1 on a motor-driven treadmill, using randomly-ordered tyre pressures of 552, 690, 827, and 965 kPa. Subjects (55.8-78.4 kg) rode their racing bicycles equipped with the same set of sew-up tyres and wheels. VO2.CW-1 was averaged over the last 3 min of a 5 min ride at each pressure. A repeated measures analysis of variance was performed and significance set at p < 0.05. VO2.CW-1 ranged from 28.1 +/- 0.6 to 28.9 +/- 0.5 ml.kg-1 x min-1 and was not significantly different between tyre pressures. We conclude that differences in rolling resistance caused by varying tyre pressure between 552 and 965 kPa, are too small to be detected physiologically.
Authors:
T W Ryschon; J Stray-Gundersen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Ergonomics     Volume:  36     ISSN:  0014-0139     ISO Abbreviation:  Ergonomics     Publication Date:  1993 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1993-07-16     Completed Date:  1993-07-16     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0373220     Medline TA:  Ergonomics     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  661-6     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
Affiliation:
Department of Internal Medicine, University of Texas, Southwestern Medical School, Dallas.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Air Pressure
Bicycling*
Energy Metabolism*
Exercise Test
Female
Humans
Male
Oxygen / blood
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
7782-44-7/Oxygen

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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