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The effect of tumor necrosis factor α (TNFα), interleukin 1β (IL1β) and interleukin 6 (IL6) on endometrial PGF(2)α synthesis, metabolism and release in early-pregnant pigs.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21924479     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Cytokines produced by the porcine uterus and embryos may be involved in the regulation of endometrial prostaglandin synthesis, metabolism, and release. We studied the effect of tumor necrosis factor α (TNFα), interleukin 1β (IL1β) and interleukin 6 (IL6) on: 1) endometrial release of prostaglandin F(2)α (PGF(2)α), 2) expression of the terminal enzyme of PGF(2)α synthesis - PGF synthase mRNA (PGFS mRNA), 3) secretion of PGF(2)α metabolite - 13,14-dihydro-15-keto PGF(2)α (PGFM) by the endometrium and 4) presence and activity of endometrial NAD-dependent 15-hydroxyprostaglandin dehydrogenase (15-PGDH). The effects of cytokines were determined on days 10-11 and days 12-13, e.g., before and during maternal recognition of pregnancy, and on days 15-16, e.g., during the peri-implantation period and compared with its effect in cyclic gilts on corresponding days of the estrous cycle. TNFα did not affect endometrial release of PGF(2)α in pregnant and cyclic pigs. IL1β enhanced endometrial PGF(2)α release on days 12-13 and 15-16 in pregnant and cyclic pigs, respectively. IL6 increased PGF(2)α release mainly on days 15-16 of pregnancy. Expression of PGFS mRNA was decreased by IL1β on days 12-13 of pregnancy (P < 0.05) and increased in response to IL1β, TNFα and IL6 on 12-13 (P < 0.05) and 15-16 (P < 0.01) of the estrous cycle. IL1β increased release of PGFM in gravid pigs on days 12-13, 15-16 and in non-gravid pigs 10-11 and 15-16 of the cycle. On days 15-16 of pregnancy TNFα and IL6 increased endometrial secretion of PGFM. We determined that in porcine endometrium NAD-dependent 15-hydroxyprostaglandin dehydrogenase (15-PGDH) is present. In gravid pigs, the highest expression of endometrial 15-PGDH occurred during days 12-13 of pregnancy, while in non-gravid pigs during days 10-11 of the estrous cycle. These data provide new evidence that TNFα, IL1β, IL6 are involved in the regulation of endometrial synthesis, release and metabolism of PGF(2)α to protect CL during early pregnancy or to facilitate its regression in cyclic females.
Authors:
A Franczak; A Zmijewska; B Kurowicka; B Wojciechowicz; B K Petroff; G Kotwica
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-9-14
Journal Detail:
Title:  Theriogenology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1879-3231     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-9-19     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0421510     Medline TA:  Theriogenology     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Department of Animal Physiology, Faculty of Biology, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, Oczapowski 1A, 10-718 Olsztyn, Poland.
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