Document Detail


The effect of tuftsin and splenectomy on mortality after intraabdominal sepsis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  6727327     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
A murine model of cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) was used to test the effect of tuftsin, with or without splenectomy, on mortality following intraabdominal sepsis. There were no deaths among shamoperated control mice after ether anesthesia, whereas CLP produced an 100% mortality by 24 hr. When CLP was followed at 16 hr by excision of the cecum and saline peritoneal lavage, the mortality rate was 20% at 24 hr and 60% at 72 hr. When tuftsin (1 mg/kg) was given only at 0, 12, and 24 hr in the CLPE model, the mortality rates were not significantly lower than CLPE alone (10% at 24 hr, 40% at 72 hr). When the tuftsin dose was increased to every 12 hr for 3 days, the mortality fell significantly to 0 and 13.5% at 24 and 72 hr (P less than 0.05 chi 2 vs CLPE ). Splenectomy 2 weeks prior to CLPE did not alter mortality (11% at 24 hr, 53% at 72 hr). When tuftsin was administered to the splenectomized animals undergoing CLPE , mortality did not change significantly (13.5% at 24 hr, 38% at 72 hr). These data suggest that tuftsin can confer protection from sepsis in animals with normal spleens, but it must be given longitudinally to be effective optimally. Splenectomy followed 2 weeks later by CLPE did not lead to increased mortality, and tuftsin did not reduce mortality in the asplenic animal.
Authors:
C C Baker; H O Gaines; A T Niven-Fairchild
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of surgical research     Volume:  36     ISSN:  0022-4804     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Surg. Res.     Publication Date:  1984 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1984-07-09     Completed Date:  1984-07-09     Revised Date:  2003-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376340     Medline TA:  J Surg Res     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  499-502     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Abdomen*
Animals
Bacterial Infections / drug therapy,  immunology*,  mortality
Cecum
Disease Models, Animal
Irrigation
Ligation
Male
Mice
Mice, Inbred CBA
Splenectomy / adverse effects*
Tuftsin / pharmacology*,  therapeutic use
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
9063-57-4/Tuftsin

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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