Document Detail


The effect of time headway feedback on following behaviour.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9183476     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
A field study was conducted to assess the impact of continuous time headway feedback on following behaviour. An equipped vehicle was fitted with a microwave radar connected to a head-down display. The display was supplemented by an auditory tone which sounded if headway decreased below 1 second. Sixteen subjects participated in five consecutive sessions conducted on a U.K. motorway. The presence of the system and the time of the journey (i.e. rush hour vs off-peak) was manipulated across the experimental sessions. Results revealed that the presence of the system reduced the proportion of time the subjects spent at low headways (e.g. < 1 second). This effect was accentuated for: (a) subjects who habitually follow at shorter headways and (b) those scenarios characterised as following a lead vehicle at a constant velocity. The presence of the system increased time headway to a lead vehicle when an overtaking manoeuvre was initiated, but only in off-peak traffic. The system had no significant effect on speed-keeping behaviour or driver's mental workload.
Authors:
S H Fairclough; A J May; C Carter
Related Documents :
24100356 - Effects of short-term heated water-based exercise training on systemic blood pressure i...
11682016 - Peak heart rate decreases with increasing severity of acute hypoxia.
3782686 - Occurrence sampling in a residence hall foodservice: entrée production times.
4068966 - Acetazolamide and exercise in sojourners to 6,300 meters--a preliminary study.
23994506 - The effect of galactose ingestion on affect and perceived exertion in recreationally ac...
9387196 - Effects of ozone on normal and potentially sensitive human subjects. part ii: airway in...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Accident; analysis and prevention     Volume:  29     ISSN:  0001-4575     ISO Abbreviation:  Accid Anal Prev     Publication Date:  1997 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-08-19     Completed Date:  1997-08-19     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1254476     Medline TA:  Accid Anal Prev     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  387-97     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
HUSAT Research Institute, Loughborough University, Leicestershire, U.K.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Accidents, Traffic / prevention & control*
Adult
Automobile Driving*
Female
Great Britain
Humans
Male

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Increased police enforcement: effects on speed.
Next Document:  Two-vehicle side impact crashes: the relationship of vehicle and crash characteristics to injury sev...