Document Detail

The effect of therapeutic ultrasound to apoptosis of chondrocyte and caspase-3 and caspase-8 expression in rabbit surgery-induced model of knee osteoarthritis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22167163     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Recent studies have shown a positive correlation between the degree of severity of OA and the number of apoptotic chondrocytes. The purpose of our study was to determine the effect of therapeutic ultrasound on apoptosis in articular cartilage of rabbits with knee osteoarthritis (KOA). Thirty 3-month New Zealand White rabbits were randomizingly divided into three groups, 10 in each group. Two groups underwent anterior cruciate ligament transaction in the right knee and another group left intact. Six weeks later, one group of the operated rabbits (OA-US) underwent ultrasound therapy (300 mW/cm(2), 1 MHz, 20% duty cycle, 10 min each day) for 2 weeks, while the other two groups (OA-Control and Normal Control) left untreated. Eight weeks after transection, all animals were killed. Microscopic morphologic grading was made for histological assessment. The caspases expressions and chondrocytes apoptosis were tested using the immunohistochemistry and TUNEL assessment, respectively. The mean grading of OA-US group was significantly higher than Normal Control group (P = 0.002), but significantly lower than OA-Control group (P = 0.002). Percentage of apoptosis and the optic density of cells expressing caspase-3 and caspase-8 in the three groups showed no statistical significances. Therapeutic ultrasound (300 mW/cm(2), 1 MHz, and 20% duty cycle) could relieve the degree of severity of induced KOA, while it had no effect on apoptosis and the expression of caspase-3 and caspase-8. These findings may provide a certain support for therapeutic ultrasound as an effective access to managing KOA.
Dexin Zeng; Qinglu Luo; Haidan Lin; Jinlong Zhang; Chengqi He
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-12-14
Journal Detail:
Title:  Rheumatology international     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1437-160X     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-12-14     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8206885     Medline TA:  Rheumatol Int     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Department of Rehabilitation, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, 610041, Sichuan Province, The People's Republic of China.
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