Document Detail

The effect of surface electric stimulation of the gluteal muscles on the interface pressure in seated people with spinal cord injury.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18760157     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To study effects of surface electric stimulation of the gluteal muscles on the interface pressure in seated persons with spinal cord injury (SCI). DESIGN: One session in which alternating and simultaneous surface electric stimulation protocols were applied in random order. SETTING: Research laboratory of a rehabilitation center. PARTICIPANTS: Thirteen subjects with SCI. INTERVENTION: Surface electric stimulation of the gluteal muscles. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Interface pressure, maximum pressure, pressure spread, and pressure gradient for the stimulation measurement. Variables were compared using 2-tailed paired t tests. RESULTS: Alternating and simultaneous stimulation protocol caused a significant (P<.01) decrease in interface pressure (-17+/-12 mmHg, -19+/-14 mmHg) and pressure gradient (-12+/-11 mmHg, -14+/-12 mmHg) during stimulation periods compared with rest periods. There was no significant difference in effects between the 2 protocols. CONCLUSIONS: Surface electric stimulation of the gluteal muscles in persons with SCI causes a decrease in interface pressure. This might restore blood flow in compressed tissue and help prevent pressure ulcers.
Andrea van Londen; Mariska Herwegh; Carlijn H van der Zee; Andreas Daffertshofer; Christof A Smit; Annelieke Niezen; Thomas W Janssen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Archives of physical medicine and rehabilitation     Volume:  89     ISSN:  1532-821X     ISO Abbreviation:  Arch Phys Med Rehabil     Publication Date:  2008 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-09-01     Completed Date:  2008-09-23     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2985158R     Medline TA:  Arch Phys Med Rehabil     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1724-32     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Research Institute MOVE, Faculty of Human Movement Sciences, VU University, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
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MeSH Terms
Buttocks / blood supply*
Electric Stimulation*
Middle Aged
Muscle, Skeletal / physiopathology*
Pressure Ulcer / physiopathology,  prevention & control*
Risk Factors
Spinal Cord Injuries / complications*,  rehabilitation

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