Document Detail


The effect of stopping smoking on blood pressure--a controlled trial.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3891769     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Epidemiological studies have found evidence of lower blood pressure in smokers and predict an increase in blood pressure after stopping smoking. We have therefore monitored blood pressure change in 33 smokers following entry into a 6-week smoking cessation programme and compared the results to 33 matched controls who continued their normal smoking habits over the same period. Fourteen subjects were successful in quitting smoking for the entire 6 weeks, 13 were unsuccessful and 6 withdrew before completion of the programme. No significant increase in supine or erect systolic or diastolic blood pressure was observed following reduction in or cessation of smoking habit. Complete cessation of smoking was, however, associated with an increase in weight and anxiety levels and a decrease in alcohol consumption. We conclude that although stopping smoking affects several factors which may potentially influence blood pressure, this does not result in any significant change in blood pressure over a 6-week period. Concern that advice to patients to cease smoking may lead to a prompt increase in blood pressure appears unnecessary.
Authors:
I B Puddey; R Vandongen; L J Beilin; D R English; A W Ukich
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of chronic diseases     Volume:  38     ISSN:  0021-9681     ISO Abbreviation:  J Chronic Dis     Publication Date:  1985  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1985-08-05     Completed Date:  1985-08-05     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2985123R     Medline TA:  J Chronic Dis     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  483-93     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Anxiety
Blood Cell Count
Blood Pressure*
Body Weight
Clinical Trials as Topic
Epinephrine / blood
Female
Hematocrit
Hemodynamics
Hemoglobins / analysis
Humans
Hydrocortisone / blood
Male
Middle Aged
Norepinephrine / blood
Prolactin / blood
Random Allocation
Smoking*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Hemoglobins; 50-23-7/Hydrocortisone; 51-41-2/Norepinephrine; 51-43-4/Epinephrine; 9002-62-4/Prolactin

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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