Document Detail

The effect of stimulus expectancy on dishabituation of auditory evoked potentials.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20800624     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
OBJECTIVES: Having foreknowledge of the type and timing of sensory stimulation modulates the electrophysiological response and can result in short-term habituation. Here we explore if dishabituation is similarly affected.
METHODS: Seventeen healthy subjects were tested with five different auditory stimuli paradigms to see if knowledge of the stimulus train length and/or deviant stimulus affects the amount of dishabituation of auditory evoked potentials. Furthermore it was determined if the degree of difference between the repeating stimulus and deviant stimulus affected the amount of dishabituation.
RESULTS: Stimulus complexity is the main determinant of the degree of dishabituation, followed by lack of knowledge about train length. Not knowing the deviant stimulus has little or no effect on dishabituation. Also, P200 is the most affected by expectancy and P50 not at all.
CONCLUSIONS: Foreknowledge of the type and timing of sensory stimulation modulates the degree of dishabituation.
SIGNIFICANCE: Previous reports have shown that expectancy does affect (certain) evoked potential components. Here we extend this knowledge to the effect of expectancy on dishabituation.
Deepa Viswanathan; Ben H Jansen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-08-25
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of psychophysiology : official journal of the International Organization of Psychophysiology     Volume:  78     ISSN:  1872-7697     ISO Abbreviation:  Int J Psychophysiol     Publication Date:  2010 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-11-15     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8406214     Medline TA:  Int J Psychophysiol     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  251-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Houston, Houston, TX 77204-4005, USA.
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