Document Detail


The effect of smoking on physiological decongestion of the nasal mucosa in human.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21442081     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Exercise is known to decongest the nasal mucosa which results in increased nasal patency. In a recent study it was suggested that smoking might influence the effect of exercise on the nasal mucosa. This implies that smoking may cause neurological damage to the normal nasal physiology, which has not previously been shown. The aim of this study was to investigate whether there was a difference in nasal mucosal reaction to exercise between smokers and non-smokers.
METHODOLOGY: Forty-two smokers and non-smokers underwent acoustic rhinometry to register nasal geometry before and after cycling on an ergometer cycle. A structured interview was used for questions about smoking habits and airway symptoms.
RESULTS: Both smokers and non-smokers had a significant increase in MCA (minimal cross-section area) and total nasal volume after exercise. There was no statistical significant difference between smokers and non-smokers.
CONCLUSIONS: Smoking does not seem to affect the normal physiological decongestion of the nasal mucosa after exercise.
Authors:
H Thorold; H Thorvold; M Bende
Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Rhinology     Volume:  48     ISSN:  0300-0729     ISO Abbreviation:  Rhinology     Publication Date:  2010 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-04-07     Completed Date:  2011-07-26     Revised Date:  2013-11-07    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0347242     Medline TA:  Rhinology     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  438-40     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Linköping University , Linköping, Sweden.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Aged
Exercise Test*
Female
Humans
Inhalation / physiology*
Male
Middle Aged
Nasal Cavity* / anatomy & histology,  physiology
Nasal Mucosa / physiology*
Nasal Obstruction* / diagnosis,  epidemiology,  physiopathology
Prevalence
Questionnaires
Rhinometry, Acoustic
Smoking / adverse effects*,  physiopathology
Sweden / epidemiology
Comments/Corrections
Erratum In:
Rhinology. 2011 Oct;49(4):457
Note: Thorvold, H [corrected to Thorold, H]

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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