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The effect of rumen digesta inoculation on the time course of recovery from classical diet-induced milk fat depression in dairy cows.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24746126     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Ten ruminally cannulated cows were used in a crossover design that investigated the effect of rumen digesta inoculation from non-milk fat-depressed cows on recovery from classical diet-induced milk fat depression (MFD) characterized by reduced fat yield, reduced de novo milk fat synthesis, and increased alternate trans isomers. Two additional cows fed a high-fiber and low-polyunsaturated fatty acid (FA) diet (31.8% neutral detergent fiber, 4.2% FA, and 1.2% C18:2) were used as rumen digesta donors. Milk fat depression was induced during the first 10 d of each period by feeding a low-fiber and high-polyunsaturated FA diet (induction; 26.1% neutral detergent fiber, 5.8% FA, and 1.9% C18:2), resulting in a 30% decrease in milk fat yield. A recovery phase followed where all cows were switched to the high-forage, low-polyunsaturated FA diet and were allocated to (1) control (no inoculation) or (2) ruminal inoculation with donor cow digesta (8 kg/d for 6 d). Milk yield and composition were measured every 3 d. Milk yield progressively decreased during recovery. Milk fat concentration increased progressively during the recovery phase and no effect of treatment existed at any time point. Also, no treatment effect of milk fat yield was detected. The concentration of milk de novo FA increased progressively during recovery for both treatments and was higher for inoculated compared with control cows on d 6. In agreement, milk fat concentration of trans-10,cis-12 conjugated linoleic acid decreased progressively in both treatments and was lower in inoculated cows on d 3 and 6. Ruminal inoculation from non-milk fat-depressed cows did not change milk fat yield, but slightly accelerated the rate of recovery of de novo FA synthesis and normal ruminal FA biohydrogenation, demonstrating a possible opportunity for other interventions that improve the ruminal environment to accelerate recovery from this condition.
Authors:
D E Rico; Y Ying; A R Clarke; K J Harvatine
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-4-16
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of dairy science     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1525-3198     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Dairy Sci.     Publication Date:  2014 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-4-21     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2985126R     Medline TA:  J Dairy Sci     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2014 American Dairy Science Association. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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