Document Detail

The effect of resorption cavities on bone stiffness is site dependent.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23282095     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Resorption cavities formed during the bone remodelling cycle change the structure and thus the mechanical properties of trabecular bone. We tested the hypotheses that bone stiffness loss due to resorption cavities depends on anatomical location, and that for identical eroded bone volumes, cavities would cause more stiffness loss than homogeneous erosion. For this purpose, we used beam-shell finite element models. This new approach was validated against voxel-based FE models. We found an excellent agreement for the elastic stiffness behaviour of individual trabeculae in axial compression (R (2) = 1.00) and in bending (R (2)>0.98), as well as for entire trabecular bone samples to which resorption cavities were digitally added (R (2) = 0.96, RMSE = 5.2%). After validation, this new method was used to model discrete cavities, with dimensions taken from a statistical distribution, on a dataset of 120 trabecular bone samples from three anatomical sites (4th lumbar vertebra, femoral head, iliac crest). Resorption cavities led to significant reductions in bone stiffness. The largest stiffness loss was found for samples from the 4th lumbar vertebra, the lowest for femoral head samples. For all anatomical sites, resorption cavities caused significantly more stiffness loss than homogeneous erosion did. This novel technique can be used further to evaluate the impact of resorption cavities, which are known to change in several metabolic bone diseases and due to treatment, on bone competence.
Jef Vanderoost; G Harry van Lenthe
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-1-3
Journal Detail:
Title:  Computer methods in biomechanics and biomedical engineering     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1476-8259     ISO Abbreviation:  Comput Methods Biomech Biomed Engin     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-1-3     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9802899     Medline TA:  Comput Methods Biomech Biomed Engin     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
a Biomechanics Section, Department of Mechanical Engineering , KU Leuven , Leuven , Belgium.
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