Document Detail


The effect of relaxation therapy on preterm labor outcomes.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10363537     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of relaxation on preterm labor outcome. DESIGN: Quasi-experimental, with women who experienced preterm labor randomly assigned to a control or experimental group. The experimental group was to do a daily relaxation exercise. A third group was added to the study: women who were originally assigned to the relaxation group but were unable to adhere to the daily practice. Final data were analyzed for three groups: control (n = 40), experimental (n = 44), and nonadherent (n = 23) participants. SETTING: Women were referred to the study from physician offices and a hospital-based obstetric triage clinic in the Northwest. PARTICIPANTS: Total sample was comprised of 107 women with singleton gestations, documented contractions with cervical change, and intact membranes. INTERVENTIONS: The experimental group was instructed in a progressive relaxation exercise. The participants were given tapes of the exercise and instructed to do it daily. OUTCOME MEASURES: Study outcomes included gestational age at birth, rate of pregnancy prolongation, and birth weight. RESULTS: The outcome variables were analyzed using analysis of covariance, with the preterm labor risk score entered as a covariate to compensate statistically for group differences. A positive response to the relaxation intervention was found: The experimental group had significantly longer gestations and larger newborns when compared to the control and nonadherent groups. CONCLUSIONS: Relaxation therapy made a difference in preterm labor outcome. Women who practiced relaxation had larger newborns, longer gestations, and higher rates of pregnancy prolongation. Given the low cost of the intervention, it should be offered to all women at risk for preterm labor.
Authors:
J Janke
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of obstetric, gynecologic, and neonatal nursing : JOGNN / NAACOG     Volume:  28     ISSN:  0884-2175     ISO Abbreviation:  J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs     Publication Date:    1999 May-Jun
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1999-07-28     Completed Date:  1999-07-28     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8503123     Medline TA:  J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  255-63     Citation Subset:  IM; N    
Affiliation:
University of Alaska Anchorage, 99508, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Analysis of Variance
Birth Weight
Cost-Benefit Analysis
Female
Gestational Age
Humans
Obstetric Labor, Premature / nursing,  therapy*
Patient Compliance
Pregnancy
Relaxation Therapy*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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