Document Detail

The effect of a reduced energy diet and meal patterns on smoking and coffee drinking in women.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9062837     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: We examined the effect of three feeding conditions on cigarette smoking and coffee drinking in four healthy women. We hypothesized that food deprivation and changes in meal patterns would increase rates of smoking and coffee drinking based on extensive animal literature documenting this effect. METHOD: The conditions were: normal three meals per day containing usual energy intake, one meal per day (dinner time) containing 50% of usual energy intake, and three meals per day containing 50% of usual energy intake. Each condition lasted 3 days. RESULTS: Neither reduction of energy intake nor alteration in the pattern of meals had any observable effect on number of cigarettes smoked, number of cups of coffee consumed, expired air carbon monoxide levels, or urges to smoke or drink coffee. DISCUSSION: This study adds to the growing body of literature suggesting that the food deprivation effect observed in animals does not apply readily to humans. Reasons for the absence of this effect are discussed.
R H Lawson; C M Bulik; J S Rodefer; W Scanlon; M D Borger
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Comparative Study; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The International journal of eating disorders     Volume:  21     ISSN:  0276-3478     ISO Abbreviation:  Int J Eat Disord     Publication Date:  1997 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-05-30     Completed Date:  1997-05-30     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8111226     Medline TA:  Int J Eat Disord     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  137-45     Citation Subset:  IM    
University of Minnesota Department of Psychology, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Diet, Reducing / psychology*
Energy Intake*
Feeding Behavior*
Food Deprivation
Smoking / psychology*
Species Specificity
Reg. No./Substance:

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