Document Detail


The effect of range of motion and isometric pre-activation on isokinetic torques.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2044529     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The effect of an increased angle of excursion and isometric pre-activation on isokinetic torques of knee extensors was investigated in five male subjects, mean age 35.0 years, SD 9.6. Peak torque and isoangular torque at 0.52 rad from full knee extension (FKE) were measured when contractions were carried out at 3.14, 4.19 and 5.24 rad.s-1 starting: 1) from a standard knee angle (SA) of 1.57 rad from FKE, 2) from the same starting angle as SA, plus an isometric preload (P) equivalent to 25% of isometric maximal voluntary contraction and 3) from an increased angle of knee flexion (IA), 2.09 rad from FKE plus P. Surface integrated electromyograms (iEMG) of the vastus lateralis muscle in SA and IA + P were also recorded. The IA + P had the effect of increasing peak torque, as compared to SA, on average by 12.0%, SD 7.5% (P less than 0.001) at 3.14 rad.s-1, 19.5%, SD 5.5% (P less than 0.001) at 4.19 rad.s-1, 21.6%, SD 10.7% (P less than 0.001) at 5.24 rad.s-1 and of increasing mean iEMG by 15.7%, SD 7.0% (P less than 0.001) at 5.24 rad.s-1. The IA + P also had the effect of increasing the angle from FKE at which peak torque occurred: from means of 0.80 rad, SD 0.11 to 1.00 rad, SD 0.07 at 3.14 rad.s-1, from 0.65 rad, SD 0.11 to 0.92 rad, SD 0.09 at 4.19 rad.s-1 and from 0.60 rad, SD 0.11 to 0.88 rad, SD 0.11 at 5.24 rad.s-1 (P less than 0.0001).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
Authors:
M V Narici; M D Sirtori; S Mastore; P Mognoni
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of applied physiology and occupational physiology     Volume:  62     ISSN:  0301-5548     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur J Appl Physiol Occup Physiol     Publication Date:  1991  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1991-07-12     Completed Date:  1991-07-12     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0410266     Medline TA:  Eur J Appl Physiol Occup Physiol     Country:  GERMANY    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  216-20     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Reparto di Fisiologia del Lavoro Muscolare, Istituto di Tecnologie Biomediche Avanzate, Milan, Italy.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Electromyography
Humans
Knee
Male
Movement
Muscle Contraction*
Muscles / physiology*

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