Document Detail


The effect of psychological strategies upon cardiorespiratory and muscular activity during treadmill running.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1549011     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Twelve aerobically trained males (age 22 +/- 1.3 yr, range 18-31) were studied to determine the effects of VE and EMG feedback upon cardiorespiratory and muscular activity during one segment of a continuous 36-min bout of treadmill running just below ventilatory threshold (VT). Ventilatory, metabolic, cardiovascular, RPE, and EMG variables recorded during a 12-min feedback segment were compared with those observed during 12-min attentional distraction and control conditions. The three treatments were counterbalanced. Mean VO2 (2987 ml.min-1) remained constant across the three periods as did VCO2 (3102 ml.min-1), HR (168 bpm), RQ (0.95), and O2 pulse (18.5 ml.beat-1). However, VE was significantly reduced during feedback (Fb) as compared with both the distraction (D) and control (C) conditions (mean +/- SE: 83.2 +/- 3.6 vs 86.6 +/- 4.2 and 87.8 +/- 4.2 l.min-1, respectively). This effect was marked by a reduction in respiratory rate (RR) (41.1 +/- 2.1 vs 44.5 +/- 1.9 and 46.8 +/- 1.9 breaths.min-1 for Fb, D, and C, respectively) and an increase in tidal volume (TV) (2115 +/- 144 vs 1904 +/- 110 and 2020 +/- 102 ml.breath-1 for Fb, D, and C, respectively). These changes resulted in significant reductions in VE/VO2 (26.5 +/- 0.7 vs 28.9 +/- 1.0 and 28.3 +/- 0.9 ratio magnitudes), VE/VO2 (28.1 +/- 0.8 vs 30.2 +/- 1.0 and 29.7 +/- 1.0 ratio magnitudes), and PETO2 (105.5 +/- 1.0 vs 108.4 +/- 1.1 and 107.6 +/- 1.2 mm Hg) during Fb as compared with D and C, respectively.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
Authors:
B D Hatfield; T W Spalding; A D Mahon; B A Slater; E B Brody; P Vaccaro
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Medicine and science in sports and exercise     Volume:  24     ISSN:  0195-9131     ISO Abbreviation:  Med Sci Sports Exerc     Publication Date:  1992 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1992-04-23     Completed Date:  1992-04-23     Revised Date:  2009-11-19    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8005433     Medline TA:  Med Sci Sports Exerc     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  218-25     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
Affiliation:
Department of Kinesiology, University of Maryland, College Park 20742.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Biofeedback, Psychology / physiology*
Cognition*
Electromyography
Exercise Test
Heart Rate
Humans
Male
Muscles / physiology*
Oxygen Consumption
Pulmonary Ventilation
Respiration*
Running* / psychology
Tidal Volume

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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